Pierre-Félix Bourdieu was born in Denguin, August 1, 1930 and died in Paris, January 23, 2002. Was a French sociologist, has extensive knowledge and influence in the social and human sciences of the TWENTIETH century.
Pierre Bourdieu at the end of his life he became, by his public commitment, one of the main actors of the intellectual life in French. His thought has exerted a considerable influence on human consciousness and social, especially in the sociology of French after the war.Disclosure of Sociology, there have been many critics who accuse him of a vision of a particularly deterministic social is defended. His work is dominated by a sociological analysis of the mechanisms of reproduction of social hierarchies. Bourdieu emphasizes the importance of cultural diversity and symbolic in this reproduction is critical of the primacy given to economic factors in marxist ideas. He wants to emphasize, that the capacity of the officers in the position of dominance to impose their cultural productions and symbolic plays an essential role in the reproduction of the social relations of domination. What Pierre Bourdieu calls symbolic violence , which he defines as the ability to ignore the arbitrariness of symbolic production, and therefore to be accepted as legitimate, is of great importance in his sociological analysis.
The social world, in modern societies, Bourdieu appears as divided into what he calls fields. It seems, in effect, that the differentiation of social activities led to the creation of sub-social spaces, such as the artistic or political field, that specializes in the performance of a particular social activity. These fields have a relative autonomy in society as a whole. They are hierarchical and dynamic competition comes from the struggles sustained by the social partners to occupy the dominant positions. Therefore, as the marxist analyses, Bourdieu emphasizes the importance of the struggle and the conflict in the functioning of the society. But for him, these conflicts are conducted mainly in social fields. They are rooted in their respective hierarchies, and is based on the opposition between the dominant players and dominated. For Bourdieu, the conflict has not reduced the conflicts between the social classes it focuses on the marxist analysis.
Pierre Bourdieu has also developed a Theory of action , around the concept of habits, which has exerted great influence in the social sciences. This theory tries to show that social agents develop strategies, on the basis of a small number of provisions acquired by the socialization, the good and the unconscious, are adapted to the needs of the social world. The work of Bourdieu is so ordered around a series of concepts guiding a few: the habitus as a principle of action of the agents, as the space race of social field and symbolic violence as a fundamental mechanism of the first imposition of relations of domination.
Pierre Bourdieu was born in 1930 in Denguin, Pyrénées-Atlantiques, a small village in the Bearn. His father, béarnaise small peasantry, it is first of all a worker in the field. His mother was from a social background similar to, although slightly higher, since this is a lineage of owners in Lasseube. Is the only child of the couple.
Early in his career
Scientific and university
School of Hautes
Head of research center
College of France
The discourse of Bourdieu, which had already manifested itself with nuances critical before may ‘ 68, it is emphasized in the last years of his life with new arguments against the neo-liberalism and in favour of civil society and of the emerging world social forum, and involved some of the trade unions, non-governmental organizations, migrants and civic associations against the positions of neo-liberal that nurtured the discourse of the society called postmodern. Bourdieu was one of the founders of the publishing house, Liber-Raisons d agir, driving of the Attac movement.
In his empirical work is especially notable, all of your work from criticism of the culture, showing that the cultural distinction is nothing more than a disguised form of domination, which he called complicity ontólogica between the field and the habitus.
Its role as an intellectual took full effect from the second half of the 90’s in France, still his statements, the subject of lively controversy, by holding positions very critical both with respect to the media (see “On television”) as with respect to politics in general. Proposed and was the founder of the parliament of writers, an association designed to give academics greater autonomy over their work, and in this way to criticise and control the power to the margin of its means of dissemination of culture.
Bibliography of Bourdieu
2004 – Analysis of a sociologist – Esquisse pour une auto-analyse
2002 – the dance of The single – Le Bal des célibataires. Crise de la société paysanne in Béarn
2001 – The craft of scientific. Science of science and reflexivity – Science de la science et Réflexivité
2003 – the social structures of the economy
2002 – Interventions, 1961-2001. Social science and political action
2002 – the force of The law
2002 – Lesson about the lesson
2002 – Thought and action
2001 – cultural Capital, school, and social space
2001 – Firewall 2. For a european social movement
2000 – Issues of sociology
1998 – male domination – The Domination male
1999 – Firewall software. Reflections to serve the resistance against the invasion of neo-liberal
1999 – Belief in the artistic and symbolic goods
1997 – Rules of The Art. Genesis and structure of the literary field
1997 – Meditations pascalianas – Méditations pascaliennes
1996 – tv – Sur la télévision
1994 – The practical sense – Raisons pratiques. Sur la théorie de l’action
1993 – The misery of The world – Misère du monde
1992 – Les Règles de l’art|Les Règles de l’art. Genèse et structure du champ littéraire
1992 – the answers are there. Pour une anthropologie réflexive – with Loïc Wacquant
1989 – The Noblesse d’état. Grandes écoles et esprit de corps
1988 – The ontological politics of Martin Heidegger – L ontologie politique de Martin Heidegger.
1984 – Homo academicus
1987 – Choses dites
1982 – Ce parler veut dire: L’économie des’échanges linguistiques
1981 – Questions de sociologie
1980 – Le Sens pratique
1979 – The distinction – The Distinction ; Critique sociale du jugement
1975 – An art medium – A Art moyen. Essai sur les usages sociaux de la photographie with Luc Boltanski, Robert Castel and Jean-Claude Chamboredon
1972 – Esquisse d’une théorie de la pratique, preceded Trois études d ethnologie kabyle”
1970 – The reproduction – of The Reproduction. Éléments pour une théorie du système d’enseignement
1968 – the craft of The sociologist – Le Métier de sociologue with J. c. Passeron and J. c. Chamboredon
1966 – The love of the art. The european museums and their public – L’amour de l’art. Les musées et leur public, the Alain Darbel and Dominique Schnapper
1964 – The students and the culture – Les Héritiers. Les étudiants et la culture with Jean-Claude Passeron Extracts (in French)
Source:s Universia and Wikipedia