Do you need a comma after a list?
Do not place a comma after the last item in the list (see fourth example below) unless the structure of the sentence otherwise requires it (see third example below, in which the comma after audience is required to separate an introductory dependent clause from the main clause).
What are the most common punctuation marks?
There are 14 punctuation marks that are commonly used in English grammar. They are the period, question mark, exclamation point, comma, semicolon, colon, dash, hyphen, parentheses, brackets, braces, apostrophe, quotation marks, and ellipsis.
What are the different types of punctuation marks?
The major punctuation marks are the period, comma, exclamation point, question mark, semicolon, and colon. These marks organize sentences and give them structure.
Do you put a semicolon after for example?
Use a semicolon before such words and terms as namely, however, therefore, that is, i.e., for example, e.g., for instance, etc., when they introduce a complete sentence. It is also preferable to use a comma after these words and terms. Example: Bring any two items; however, sleeping bags and tents are in short supply.
Do you put a colon after for example?
Do not use a colon in a complete sentence after phrases such as “such as,” “including,” and “for example.” Because phrases like these already indicate to the reader that a list of examples will follow, there is no need to introduce them with a colon, which would merely be redundant.
What Does a colon do grammar?
Colons follow independent clauses (clauses that could stand alone as sentences) and can be used to present an explanation, draw attention to something, or join ideas together.
What is the purpose of a semicolon?
A semicolon has two general uses: to clarify a series and to indicate two closely related sentences. Series—If one or more elements in a series contain a comma, use semicolons to separate them. Include a semicolon before the final conjunction.
What words do you use a semicolon after?
2. Use a semicolon between independent clauses linked with a transitional expression.
|after all||even so||in fact|
|as a matter of fact||for example||in other words|
|as a result||for instance||in the first place|
|at any rate||in addition||on the contrary|
|at the same time||in conclusion||on the other hand|
What can I use instead of a semicolon?
But you shouldn’t use a semicolon and a conjunction. That means when you use a semicolon, you use it instead of the ands, buts, and ors; you don’t need both. Here’s a hint: if you used a comma and an “and” to link two related ideas, think of the period (you know, the top part of the semicolon) as a replacement “and.”
How often should you use a semicolon?
Rules for Using Semicolons
- A semicolon is most commonly used to link (in a single sentence) two independent clauses that are closely related in thought.
- Use a semicolon between two independent clauses that are connected by conjunctive adverbs or transitional phrases.
How many semicolons is too many?
Used the first way, I’d say anything more than one semicolon is too many (unless you are deliberately creating an atmosphere where you want the reader to not breathe to create tension).
Can you overuse semicolons?
A Word, Please: Semicolons have two specific purposes, so don’t overuse.