How big is the judicial branch?
There have been as few as six, but since 1869 there have been nine Justices, including one Chief Justice. All Justices are nominated by the President, confirmed by the Senate, and hold their offices under life tenure.
Who has the judicial branch?
The Constitution is the highest law of our Nation. The U.S. Supreme Court, the highest court in the United States, is part of the judicial branch. The Supreme Court is made up of 9 judges called justices who are nominated by the President and confirmed by the Senate.
Who made the executive branch?
Congress created four departments to oversee certain aspects of the government: foreign affairs, finance, war, and marine. Congress appointed men to be the heads, or secretaries, of each department.
How executive branch was created?
Article II of the Constitution defines the powers of the executive branch by establishing a President of the United States of America. Section 1 of Article II begins: The executive Power shall be vested in a President of the United States of America.
Why does the executive branch exist?
The executive branch of our Government is in charge of making sure that the laws of the United States are obeyed. The President of the United States is the head of the executive branch. The President gets help from the Vice President, department heads (called Cabinet members), and heads of independent agencies.
What are the duties of the head of the executive branch?
The head of the executive branch is the president of the United States, whose powers include being able to veto, or reject, a proposal for a law; appoint federal posts, such as members of government agencies; negotiate foreign treaties with other countries; appoint federal judges; and grant pardons, or forgiveness, for …
How powerful is the executive branch?
The president has very important powers. The president can veto laws passed by Congress, issue executive orders, grant pardons, and can negotiate and sign treaties on behalf of our country. The president is the commander in chief of our armed forces. That is why it is called the “executive” branch.
Who is the head of the state executive branch?
In every state, the executive branch is headed by a governor who is directly elected by the people. In most states, the other leaders in the executive branch are also directly elected, including the lieutenant governor, the attorney general, the secretary of state, and auditors and commissioners.
How do local executives exercise power?
How do local executives exercise power? The powers of local executives are usually set forth in their city or county charters. Some municipalities have an elected mayor, others have an appointed city manager, while still others have an elected panel of commissioners with some executive powers.