How did geography of Greece lead to the rise of city-states?

How did geography of Greece lead to the rise of city-states?

The geography of Greece lead to the rise of city-states, because mountains limited their size and plains surrounded city-states. Tyrants played a important role in the development of democracy in Greece. They encouraged the people to unite behind a leader in order to get a share in political power.

Which impact did mountains have on the development of Greek city-states?

From early times the Greeks lived in independent communities isolated from one another by the landscape. Later these communities were organized into poleis or city-states. The mountains prevented large-scale farming and impelled the Greeks to look beyond their borders to new lands where fertile soil was more abundant.

How much did the geography of Greece contribute to the rise of independent city-states such as Athens and Sparta?

How did the geography of Greece lead to the rise of the city-state? Mountains and seas divided the country into small, separate regions. As a result, independent city-states became the main form of government.

How did city-states arise in ancient Greece?

How did city-states arise in Greece? Historians believed that around 750 B.C. villages joined together to form a city. Each city had its own traditions, government, and laws. They gradually gained military strength and replaced many of the aristocratic governments with tyrants.

What did all the Greek city-states have in common?

The city-states had many things in common. They shared the same language, worshipped the same gods, and practiced similar customs. Sometimes these city-states traded with each other.

What eventually happened to Sparta in 146 BC?

The decisive Battle of Leuctra in 371 BCE ended the Spartan hegemony, although the city-state maintained its political independence until the Roman conquest of Greece in 146 BCE.

Why did Athens finally lose the Peloponnesian War?

In 430 BC an outbreak of a plague hit Athens. The plague ravaged the densely packed city, and in the long run, was a significant cause of its final defeat. The plague wiped out over 30,000 citizens, sailors and soldiers, including Pericles and his sons. Roughly one-third to two-thirds of the Athenian population died.

What is the difference between Sparta and Athens?

The main difference between Athens and Sparta is that Athens was a form of democracy, whereas Sparta was a form of oligarchy. Athens and Sparta are two prominent Greek rival city-states. Athens was the centre for arts, learning and philosophy while Sparta was a warrior state.

What are the main similarities and differences between Sparta and Athens?

One of the main ways they were similar was in their form of government. Both Athens and Sparta had an assembly, whose members were elected by the people. Sparta was ruled by two kings, who ruled until they died or were forced out of office. Athens was ruled by archons, who were elected annually.

How were Athens and Sparta different in education?

Children were trained in music, art, literature, science, math, and politics. In Athens, for example, boys were taught at home until they were about six years old. Then boys went to school, where they learned to read and write. Except for the city-state of Sparta, Greek girls did not go to school.

Did Athens and Sparta have the same religion?

One of the main similarities between Athens and Sparta was that they shared the same religion. It was a polytheistic religion that was shared by all the city-states of Ancient Greece. This religion contained many gods all lead by Zeus that all lived in a mystical realm on top of mount Olympus.

What made Athens successful?

Under the Athenian Pericles, the Athenians moved the treasury of the league to Athens. The city also continued to consolidate and take monetary resources, increasing its wealth and power. The cities and regions that followed Athens essentially formed an empire under Athens’ leadership by the 450s.

What is the religion of Athens?

Greek Orthodox Church

Which God did Athens worship?

Athena

What was the religion in Sparta?

The ancient Spartans believed in religion and the gods like the majority of the ancient Greek states. Therefore the religion of Sparta was Polytheism, which means that the Spartans believed in not just one god, buy many gods.

How did Spartans view death?

SPARTAN DEATH AND FUNERARY CUSTOMS Particularly in Athens, the Greeks thought of death as an unsettling step into the unknown, though they did treat their dead with respect. Spartans, whilst respectful and even reverent of the dead, had much more simplistic funerals than Athens or other city-states.

How did the Spartans worship Ares?

Ares’ worship was largely in the northern areas of Greece, and, although devoid of the social, moral, and theological associations usual with major deities, his cult had many interesting local features. At Sparta, in early times, at least, human sacrifices were made to him from among the prisoners of war.

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