How did polyphony develop?
According to the Cultural Model, the origins of polyphony are connected to the development of human musical culture; polyphony came as the natural development of the primordial monophonic singing; therefore polyphonic traditions are bound to gradually replace monophonic traditions.
What was the most important form of early polyphonic music?
Of greater sophistication was the motet, which developed from the clausula genre of medieval plainchant and would become the most popular form of medieval polyphony. While early motets were liturgical or sacred, by the end of the thirteenth century the genre had expanded to include secular topics, such as courtly love.
What period is polyphonic music?
The Polyphonic Era is a term used since the mid-19th century to designate an historical period in which harmony in music is subordinate to polyphony (Frobenius 2001, §4). It generally refers to the period from the 13th to the 16th century (Kennedy 2006).
What is an example of a collective good?
Goods that benefit every individual belonging to some group, and where it is hard to exclude any individual from that benefit. For example, the benefit of having a defence force, or law and order.
What are the common collective goods?
In economics, public or collective goods are contrasted with private goods. Some goods are nonrival but excludable (e.g., satellite television), others are nonexcludable but rival (e.g., environmental resources); both excludability and rival‐ness are continua rather than dichotomies
What is the common good in society?
“The common good is the sum of those conditions of social life which allow social groups and their individual members relatively thorough and ready access to their own fulfillment.”
What is an example of a common good?
Some canonical examples of the common good in a modern liberal democracy include: the road system; public parks; police protection and public safety; courts and the judicial system; public schools; museums and cultural institutions; public transportation; civil liberties, such as the freedom of speech and the freedom ..
What are the two characteristics of a common good?
A public good has two key characteristics: it is nonexcludable and nonrivalrous. These characteristics make it difficult for market producers to sell the good to individual consumers. Nonexcludable means that it is costly or impossible for one user to exclude others from using a good.
What are the three elements of the common good?
So the common good includes the good of the commons. While these three kinds of social facts – intrinsically social goods, social linkages, and shared places – are aspects of the common good, they hardly exhaust it.
What type of good is air?
Public goods: Public goods are non-excludable and non-rival. Individuals cannot be effectively excluded from using them, and use by one individual does not reduce the good’s availability to others. Examples of public goods include the air we breathe, public parks, and street lights.
What is the principle of common good?
In philosophy, economics, and political science, the common good (also commonwealth, general welfare, or public benefit) refers to either what is shared and beneficial for all or most members of a given community, or alternatively, what is achieved by citizenship, collective action, and active participation in the …
What are the 9 principles of Catholic social thought?
The nine Catholic Social Thought principles
- The Common Good.
- Dignity of the Human Person.
- Preferential Option for the Poor.
- The Universal Purpose of Goods.
- Stewardship of Creation.
- Promotion of Peace.