How did the Cold War end in 1989?
During 1989 and 1990, the Berlin Wall came down, borders opened, and free elections ousted Communist regimes everywhere in eastern Europe. In late 1991 the Soviet Union itself dissolved into its component republics. With stunning speed, the Iron Curtain was lifted and the Cold War came to an end.
What happened in 1989 that led to the end of the USSR?
The Collapse of the Soviet Union. Gorbachev’s decision to loosen the Soviet yoke on the countries of Eastern Europe created an independent, democratic momentum that led to the collapse of the Berlin Wall in November 1989, and then the overthrow of Communist rule throughout Eastern Europe.
What impact did the Cold War have on international relations?
The Cold War increased tensions within international community because of the actions of the two superpowers; they pursued political and ideological goals some of which were ever more opposing with the objectives of the other for example: the Soviet believed that America is an imperialist power and therefore committed …
Who were the two main superpowers during the Cold War?
During the Cold War the two Superpowers were the U.S. and The Soviet Union (USSR)..towards the end of the Cold War and currently China is emerging as a superpower as well.
What did the two superpowers struggle for throughout the Cold War?
Throughout the Cold War, especially early on, the United States developed the policy called containment. Tension between the United States and the Soviet Union led to the Nuclear Arms Race and the Space Race, in which each country tried to gain superiority in the areas of nuclear weapons and space technology.
What were the two major superpowers during the Cold War?
In looking at the nature and exercising of international power in the Cold War period from 1945 to 1989, this chapter will focus principally on the class of power which the United States and the Soviet Union became. The label most often attached to these two states was ‘superpower’.
What were the two opposing sides in the Cold War?
The Cold War began after World War Two. The main enemies were the United States and the Soviet Union. The Cold War got its name because both sides were afraid of fighting each other directly. In a “hot war,” nuclear weapons might destroy everything.