How do we calculate opportunity cost?
The formula for calculating an opportunity cost is simply the difference between the expected returns of each option.
How is PPF related to opportunity cost?
In the context of a PPF, opportunity cost is directly related to the shape of the curve (see below). If the shape of the PPF curve is a straight-line, the opportunity cost is constant as production of different goods is changing. But, opportunity cost usually will vary depending on the start and end points.
Which statement is an economic rationale for the law of increasing opportunity cost?
Which statement is an economic rationale for the law of increasing opportunity cost? Many economic resources are better at producing one product than another.
How does a PPC show the law of increasing opportunity cost?
The Production Possibilities Curve (PPC) is a model that captures scarcity and the opportunity costs of choices when faced with the possibility of producing two goods or services. The bowed out shape of the PPC in Figure 1 indicates that there are increasing opportunity costs of production.
What is the best example of a microeconomic topic?
Most people are introduced to microeconomics through the study of scarce resources, money prices, and the supply and demand of goods and services. For example, microeconomics is used to explain why the price of a good tends to rise as its supply falls, all other things being equal.
What is a factory building an example of?
A factory building is an example of physical capital.
What is an example of comparative advantage?
Comparative advantage is what you do best while also giving up the least. For example, if you’re a great plumber and a great babysitter, your comparative advantage is plumbing. That’s because you’ll make more money as a plumber.
How do you know if a country has comparative advantage?
Taking this example, if countries A and B allocate resources evenly to both goods combined output is: Cars = 15 + 15 = 30; Trucks = 12 + 3 = 15, therefore world output is 45 m units. It is being able to produce goods by using fewer resources, at a lower opportunity cost, that gives countries a comparative advantage.
How do you solve comparative advantage Problems?
A four step solution to solving the comparative advantage and gains from trade problem.
- Determine the opportunity costs of production.
- Figure out who has the comparative advantage.
- Have each country specialize in their comparative advantage.
- Figure out an allocation that makes each country better off.
What are the three steps of comparative advantage?
The simple three-step solution is this:
- Take the data given and put the opportunity cost into fraction form and simplify the fraction.
- Find the Lowest Common Denominator between the two fractions.
- Analyze to determine who gives up less of the good in the numerator to make the good in the denominator.
What is the difference between comparative advantage and absolute advantage?
Absolute advantage refers to the uncontested superiority of a country or business to produce a particular good better. Comparative advantage introduces opportunity cost as a factor for analysis in choosing between different options for production diversification.
How do you explain comparative advantage?
Comparative advantage is an economy’s ability to produce a particular good or service at a lower opportunity cost than its trading partners. A comparative advantage gives a company the ability to sell goods and services at a lower price than its competitors and realize stronger sales margins.
What are the four main sources of comparative advantage?
Comparative advantage is determined by a country’s resources, that is the land, labour, capital and enterprise.
What are the benefits of comparative advantage?
The benefit of comparative advantage is the ability to produce a good or service for a lower opportunity cost. A comparative advantage gives companies the ability to sell goods and services at prices that are lower than their competitors, gaining stronger sales margins and greater profitability.
Why can’t a country have comparative advantage in both goods?
Key Takeaways. A comparative advantage exists when a country can produce goods at lower opportunity cost compared to other countries. It is not possible for a country to have a comparative advantage in all goods. However, a country can have an absolute advantage in all goods.