How do you score the State-Trait Anxiety Inventory?

How do you score the State-Trait Anxiety Inventory?

Score interpretation. The total score for the HADS‐A can range from 0 to 21. The following guidelines are recommended for the interpretation of scores: 0–7 for normal or no anxiety, 8–10 for mild anxiety, 11–14 for moderate anxiety, and 12–21 for severe anxiety.

What is the State Anxiety Inventory test?

The State-Trait Anxiety Inventory measures anxiety by assessing someone’s state and trait anxiety. The STAI was one of the first tests to examine state and trait anxiety at the same time. There are two forms of the STAI, one for children, and for adults.

What does the Stai measure?

Description of Measure: The State-Trait Anxiety Inventory (STAI) is a commonly used measure of trait and state anxiety (Spielberger, Gorsuch, Lushene, Vagg, & Jacobs, 1983). It can be used in clinical settings to diagnose anxiety and to distinguish it from depressive syndromes.

How is trait anxiety measured?

Common self-report measures of trait anxiety are reviewed with an emphasis on: components assessed, factor structure, internal consistency, reliability, and construct validity. Measures were selected if instructions ask individuals to endorse items based on their characteristic, rather than a time sensitive, response.

What is the difference between trait and state anxiety?

State anxiety reflects the psychological and physiological transient reactions directly related to adverse situations in a specific moment. In contrast, the term trait anxiety refers to a trait of personality, describing individual differences related to a tendency to present state anxiety.

What causes trait anxiety?

Trait anxiety also manifests by repeated concerns about and reporting of body symptoms. Trait anxiety is characterized by a stable perception of environmental stimuli (events, others’ statements) as threatening.

How is trait anxiety treated?

According to a study published in the Canadian Journal of Psychiatry, both cognitive behavior therapy (CBT) and short term psychodynamic psychotherapy (STPP), help reduce symptoms of anxiety and depression in patients with generalized anxiety disorder (GAD).

What personality type gets anxiety?

Generalized Anxiety Disorder (GAD) A person who has generalized anxiety disorder experiences worry that is persistent, excessive, and intrusive. Some people develop GAD during childhood while others don’t have symptoms until they are adults.

Can anxiety make you mean?

Often when anxiety is left unacknowledged and unexpressed, it can turn into frustration, which can lead to anger. When anxiety turns to anger, it is because an individual who expresses anger will have an underlying fear about something in their life.

Is irritability a symptom of anxiety?

Given that anxiety is associated with high arousal and excessive worrying, it is not surprising that irritability is a common symptom. Most people with generalized anxiety disorder report feeling highly irritable, especially when their anxiety is at its peak.

Why am I so irritable all of a sudden?

Many factors can cause or contribute to irritability, including life stress, a lack of sleep, low blood sugar levels, and hormonal changes. Extreme irritability, or feeling irritable for an extended period, can sometimes indicate an underlying condition, such as an infection or diabetes.

How do I stop feeling frustrated?

Overcoming Frustration and Anger

  1. Talking with someone you trust. Talking may help you become more clear about what you are feeling.
  2. Talking out loud to yourself.
  3. Writing about your feelings.
  4. Recognizing things that you cannot change.
  5. Making changes to help reduce your anger and frustration.

Why do I get frustrated over little things?

Irrational anger is usually an arrow pointing at a much deeper issue. If depression is not present, then there are other reasons for unexpected anger, and these often include other mental health troubles. Feeling unheard or undervalued can make anger rear its ugly head, as can feeling overwhelmed.

Why am I so short tempered lately?

A short temper can also be a sign of an underlying condition like depression or intermittent explosive disorder (IED), which is characterized by impulsive and aggressive behavior. If your anger has become overwhelming or is causing you to hurt yourself or those around you, it’s time to find professional help.

How do I stop being short tempered?

20 Effective Ways to Control a Bad Temper

  1. Take a timeout. If you feel your temper slowly rising, remove yourself from the situation completely.
  2. Don’t carry your temper.
  3. Keep a journal.
  4. Practice relaxation techniques.
  5. Take a walk.
  6. Take a class you enjoy.
  7. Change your mindset.
  8. Think of a funny memory.

What do you call a person who gets angry easily?

1. Irritable, testy, touchy, irascible are adjectives meaning easily upset, offended, or angered. Irritable means easily annoyed or bothered, and it implies cross and snappish behavior: an irritable clerk, rude and hostile; Impatient and irritable, he was constantly complaining.

What are signs of anger issues?

Recognizing Physiological Signs of Anger

  • clenching your jaws or grinding your teeth.
  • headache.
  • stomach ache.
  • increased and rapid heart rate.
  • sweating, especially your palms.
  • feeling hot in the neck/face.
  • shaking or trembling.
  • dizziness.

What do you call an angry man?

temperamental. adjective. a temperamental person gets angry easily, or changes from one mood to another very quickly.

What do you call someone with a short temper?

SYNONYMS FOR short-tempered irritable, testy, choleric, waspish.

What do you call a person who gets mad when they don’t get their way?

Passive aggressive people understand that we are all vulnerable to our feelings and emotions and so, they behave in a way which allows them to manipulate your feelings. They feel angry, annoyed because they feel that they are not getting their way or, they are being disrespected.

What is the strongest word for anger?


  • angry.
  • enraged.
  • fuming.
  • furious.
  • incensed.
  • indignant.
  • infuriated.
  • mad.

What to say when you are frustrated?

Things to say when you’re angry – Elementary

  1. I don’t believe it!
  2. What a pain!
  3. It’s driving me up the wall.
  4. I’ve had it up to here with…
  5. I’ve had all I can take of…
  6. It really gets on my nerves.
  7. I’m sick and tired of…
  8. I’m fed up with it.

What is a better word for anger?

SYNONYMS FOR angry 1 irate, incensed, enraged, infuriated, furious, mad; provoked, irritated.

What is another word for an angry look on the face?


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