How does Cixous reclaim Medusa?
Cixous’s essay ‘The Laugh of the Medusa’ opens with an exhortation to women “to write herself” She had been forcibly separated from her body and now it is up to her to reclaim the body that is her own and free herself from the shackles of patriarchy
What is Gynocriticism in literature?
Gynocriticism or gynocritics is the term coined in the seventies by Elaine Showalter to describe a new literary project intended to construct “a female framework for the analysis of women’s literature”
What is the purpose of feminist theory?
Feminist theory sets an agenda for action, the aim of which is justice and equality for women everywhere and, of course, also for the men and children to whom they are inextricably linked
What is the main concern of Gynocriticism?
The main concerns of gynocriticism are to identify what are taken to be the distinctively feminine subject matters in literature written by women; to uncover in literary history a female tradition, and to show that there is a distinctive feminine mode of experience, or “subjectivity,” in thinking, valuing, and
Who has coined the term Gynocriticism?
Gynocriticism is the study of women’s writing The term gynocritics was coined by Elaine Showalter in 1979 to refer to a form of feminist literary criticism that is concerned with women as writers
Who coined the term Gynocriticism *?
The female experience is a crucial focal point in the critical reading of women’s writing, according to Elaine Showalter, who coined the term gynocriticism in the 1970s
Who has introduced the term touchstone method?
The word was introduced into literary criticism by Matthew Arnold in “Preface to the volume of 1853 poems” (1853) to denote short but distinctive passages, selected from the writings of the greatest poets, which he used to determine the relative value of passages or poems which are compared to them
What is meant by intentional fallacy?
Intentional fallacy, term used in 20th-century literary criticism to describe the problem inherent in trying to judge a work of art by assuming the intent or purpose of the artist who created it
What is the difference between intentional fallacy and affective fallacy?
Affective fallacy is a term from literary criticism used to refer to the supposed error of judging or evaluating a text on the basis of its emotional effects on a reader Wimsatt and Monroe Beardsley in 1949 as a principle of New Criticism which is often paired with their study of The Intentional Fallacy
What is archetypal approach?
Is an approach to literature assumes that there is a collection of symbols, images, characters, and motifs(archetypes) that evokes basically the same response to people According to Carl Jung, mankind possesses a “collective unconscious” that is common to all of humanity
Who gave the first affective theory of literature in the real sense?
Affect theory is originally attributed to the psychologist Silvan Tomkins, which he introduced in the first two volumes of his book Affect Imagery Consciousness (1962)
What is a critical lens in literature?
A critical lens is a way of looking at a particular work of literature by focusing on style choices, plot devices, and character interactions and how they show a certain theme (the lens in question)
What are theories of literature?
“Literary theory” is the body of ideas and methods we use in the practical reading of literature Literary theory offers varying approaches for understanding the role of historical context in interpretation as well as the relevance of linguistic and unconscious elements of the text
What are the key principles of critical theory?
It follows from Horkheimer’s definition that a critical theory is adequate only if it meets three criteria: it must be explanatory, practical, and normative, all at the same time
What is the meaning of critical theory?
Critical theory (also capitalized as Critical Theory) is an approach to social philosophy that focuses on reflective assessment and critique of society and culture in order to reveal and challenge power structures