How does fat in a recipe affect the gluten?
The short answer to your question is yes: Fat really does interfere with the development of gluten by coating the proteins in flour that are responsible for forming gluten. In this instance, the development of gluten is affected by when the fat is added while the dough is being made.
What does fat do to dough?
Fats give the dough richness and moisture. Fats make the bread tender. Fats give the final product a finer grain.
What are the functions of fats and oils in bread making?
Fats have four main purposes in baking:
- They tenderize the product by coating and weakening the gluten bonds within the structure.
- Even though they contain little or no moisture, they provide the illusion of wetness.
- They enable browning.
- They help move heat through the product, perpetuating the baking process.
Does butter inhibit gluten?
Fats, such as butter and oils, slow down the gluten-forming process by coating the protein strands, which is one reason enriched doughs such as brioche call for longer mixing times. The coating acts like a barrier that prevents gluten proteins from sticking to one another, stunting the growth of long chains.
What prevents gluten from forming?
Solid fats, oils, and egg yolks coat gluten proteins and prevent them from forming long, strong strands. Ever wondered why shortening is called shortening? Because it shortens gluten. Fat can also make flour water-resistant.
How long should bread dough rise?
Put the dough in the fridge straight after shaping, covered with oiled cling film. It will start to rise but slow down as the dough chills. In the morning, allow it to come back to room temperature and finish rising 45 minutes to one hour before baking as usual.
Can you put dough outside to rise?
The best place to let dough rise is a very warm place. On a warm day, your counter will probably do just fine.
Why does dough not rise?
The big lesson here: too much of any ingredient can mess with your bread’s rise—even flour. Too much flour can make your dough stiff and dry. And we all know what happens if there’s not enough liquid present for the yeast to use: It doesn’t work the way it should. You want the dough to be slightly sticky and elastic.
What type of bowl is best for dough to rise?
Allow dough to rise in a metal or glass bowl. They retain heat better than plastic bowls and you’ll get a better rise. You can also run the bowl you’re using under some hot water (and then dry it, then spray it with non-stick cooking spray for easy cleanup) before adding the dough so it will be nice and warm.
Should I brush bread with butter before baking?
Butter or Olive Oil Brush: Brush softened butter or olive oil atop the loaf before baking to add flavor and color. Milk Bath: Brushing a loaf with milk before baking gives the baked bread a tender, golden crust. For a sweet bread recipe, sprinkle with sugar if desired.