How is representation determined in both houses of Congress?
To balance the interests of both the small and large states, the Framers of the Constitution divided the power of Congress between the two houses. Every state has an equal voice in the Senate, while representation in the House of Representatives is based on the size of each state’s population.
What is congressional representation based on?
The Constitution provides for proportional representation in the U.S. House of Representatives and the seats in the House are apportioned based on state population according to the constitutionally mandated Census.
Does Congress have equal representation?
During the summer of 1787, the delegates to the Constitutional Convention in Philadelphia established equal representation in the Senate and proportional representation in the House of Representatives.
What is the difference between senators and congressmen?
Senators represent their entire states, but members of the House represent individual districts. Today, Congress consists of 100 senators (two from each state) and 435 voting members of the House of Representatives. The terms of office and number of members directly affects each institution.
Who is incharge of the Senate?
The United States Constitution designates the Vice President of the United States as president of the Senate. The Constitution also calls for a president pro tempore, to serve as the presiding officer when the president of the Senate (the vice president) is absent.
Can the president override Congress?
The President returns the unsigned legislation to the originating house of Congress within a 10 day period usually with a memorandum of disapproval or a “veto message.” Congress can override the President’s decision if it musters the necessary two–thirds vote of each house.
Does an executive order need congressional approval?
The U.S. Supreme Court has held that all executive orders from the president of the United States must be supported by the Constitution, whether from a clause granting specific power, or by Congress delegating such to the executive branch.
What happens if you censure the president?
In the United States, governmental censure is done when a body’s members wish to publicly reprimand the president of the United States, a member of Congress, a judge or a cabinet member. It is a formal statement of disapproval. There are also no legal consequences that come with a reprimand or censure.