How much land is covered by landmines?
A huge area of land is affected – some estimates put the total at about 25,000 sq kilometres. The age of much of the material is up to 60 years. Much of the mines and UXO is covered by thick deposits of mud or sand so that conventional detection techniques are often of little value.
What is the blast radius of a landmine?
Area effect bounding mines The balls or metal shards within the mine are projected over a minimum radius of 82 feet at an angle of 360°, killing within a range of 115 feet or more, and causing serious injury at a distance of over 328 feet.
How much TNT is in a landmine?
The landmine contains 1.70 grams (6.0 ounces) of TNT or ammonium nitrate.
What is a CR 38 landmine?
The TM-38 was a rectangular, metal-cased Soviet anti-tank mine used during the Second World War. The mine had a large raised rectangular central pressure plate with four reinforcing creases. When enough pressure was applied to the plate it collapses pressing down on a bolt connected to an internal lever.
Can you survive a landmine?
Only two of them survived. Standing still or attempting to run from the S-mine would be equally dangerous. The most effective way to survive the mine’s detonation would not be to flee but to fall to the ground lying face down as quickly as possible.
Can you defuse a landmine?
Detection and removal of landmines is a dangerous activity, and personal protective equipment does not protect against all types of landmine. Once found, mines are generally defused or blown up with more explosives, but it is possible to destroy them with certain chemicals or extreme heat without making them explode.
What triggers a landmine?
A land mine can be triggered by a number of things including pressure, movement, sound, magnetism and vibration. Anti-personnel mines commonly use the pressure of a person’s foot as a trigger, but tripwires are also frequently employed.
How does a landmine kill you?
These mines are designed to destroy an object in close proximity, such as a person’s foot or leg. A blast mine is designed to break the targeted object into fragments, which can cause secondary damage, such as infection and amputation. These mines can cause injury up to 200 meters away and kill at closer distances.
Are Bouncing Betty’s real?
The German S-mine (Schrapnellmine, Springmine or Splittermine in German), also known as the “Bouncing Betty” on the Western Front and “frog-mine” on the Eastern Front, is the best-known version of a class of mines known as bounding mines. Until production ceased in 1945, Germany produced over 1.93 million S-mines.
Can you avoid a Bouncing Betty?
Players can even completely avoid a Bouncing Betty by simply going prone and crawling past it. Despite the small kill radius, the Bouncing Betty owner can be killed by their own Bouncing Betty if an enemy triggers it and the owner is within its radius.
Can you survive a Bouncing Betty?
It is possible to survive a Bouncing Betty taking it full in the gut, but it isn’t possible to avoid getting wounded. The thing springs up like a Jack-in-the-Box and you have to beat it’s appogee.
How long can a landmine stay active?
Are ww2 land mines still active?
Live naval mines from World War II are still occasionally found in the North Atlantic and the Baltic Sea, and are also destroyed.
Would a hovercraft set off a landmine?
Landmines are mechanically triggered,so yes,a hovercraft could go over landmines without triggering them. If hovercraft became common for avoidance of landmines,the landmine makers might put photocells in them to detect something like a hovercraft going over,and BOOM!
What country has the most active landmines?
Are landmines legal?
Anti-personnel landmines are prohibited under the Convention on the Prohibition of the Use, Stockpiling, Production and Transfer of Anti-Personnel Mines and on Their Destruction (or Mine Ban Convention), adopted in 1997. More than 150 countries have joined this treaty.
What countries still have landmines?
There is also a small group of countries that still continues producing antipersonnel landmines, likely including India, Myanmar, Pakistan, and South Korea, with a few others reserving the right to produce the weapon. Though new use of antipersonnel landmines is rare and limited, it still happens.
Why does Egypt have so many landmines?
He stated that 8,301 Egyptian persons (civilian and military) were affected by land mines by 1997. The old maps are not enough because, according to the scientist Ayman Shabana, “many mines have moved due to floods, climate changes or the movement of sand dunes over half a century.”
What happens if you shoot a landmine?
If you shoot through the explosive body of a mine, nothing will happen. Nothing will happen if you throw any landmine into a campfire. To start the explosive chains you need much higher temperatures.
Are there still mines in the ocean from ww2?
Parts of some World War II naval minefields still exist because they are too extensive and expensive to clear. Mines have been employed as offensive or defensive weapons in rivers, lakes, estuaries, seas and oceans, but they can also be used as tools of psychological warfare.