Conference Miguel Requena (Professor of Sociology at the UNED): “Immigration and social class in Spain,” in Demography Today the 20 of January 2012.
To correctly understand the change in the structure of classes Spanish you can’t ignore the impact that it has had the arrival in the country, between 1998 and 2009, a quota of not less than five million immigrants. From various regions and countries of the world such as Africa, Latin America and Eastern Europe, have been incorporated mainly to jobs of low qualification in the agriculture, construction and services. It is, in the vast majority of cases, of economic immigrants which have located in the class of unskilled workers. Contrasted so clearly with the spaniards: these economic migrants are relatively older than the Spanish in the working classes, but they are grossly under-represented in the mundorndel white-collar job (i.e., managers and professionals of high and low level occupations and intermediate). In consequence, the impact of immigration has polarized the distribution of classes of Spanish in the measure in which he has concentradornmás unskilled workers at the bottom of the structure: not to have received the Spanish society the immense flow of immigrants during the first decade of the new century, its class structure would be much more balanced and less uneven than it actually is.
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Miguel Requena and Ten of Revenga is Licensed and Doctor in Political Sciences and Sociology by the Complutense University, is Professor of Sociology in the Department of Sociology II (Social Structure), UNED and member of the research Group ‘Population and Society’. He has been a professor at the Complutense University (1983-1988), member of the Technical Cabinet of the Centre for Sociological Research (1984-1987), a researcher at the Foundation Economic and Social Research, Applied (1989-1992), Doctor Linked to the Institute for Advanced Social Studies of the Higher Council of Scientific Research (1993-1994). He has also been Senior Associate Member at St. Antony Collage (Oxford University), visiting Professor at Hamilton College and Visiting Professor at Princeton University. His lines of research focus on the sociology of structure and social stratification, the sociology and demography of the family, the sociology of age and the contemporary processes of social change.
He is the author or co-author, among others, the following publications: The many faces of immigration in Spain (Alianza Editorial, 2009), Three decades of social change in Spain (Alianza Editorial, 2008), The malaise of young people: Contexts, roots and experiences (Editorial Díaz de Santos, S. A..2008), “The Survey of Active Population from the perspective of the household” (Statistics Spanish, 2000), “The fall of the fertility rate and the deficit of birth rate in Spain” (Spanish Journal of Sociology, 2003), The role of education in the demographic transition of women in madrid (International Journal of Sociology, 2006), The emancipation of young people in Spain (Ministry of Labour and Social Affairs, 1996), “Households and families in the Spain of the eighties: the case of the Community of Madrid” (Spanish Journal of Sociological Research, 1990), “The changes of family in Spain and their implications” (Journal of the Ministry of Labour and Immigration, 2010), “The Spanish young people of the nineties: training, work, social life” (Journal of Education, 2001).
Source: Demography Today