Is the term for the physical destruction of ethnic groups by murder?
To constitute genocide, there must be a proven intent on the part of perpetrators to physically destroy a national, ethnical, racial or religious group.
How does acculturation differ from diffusion or cultural borrowing?
What is Acculturation? This refers to the changes that occur when groups come into continous firsthand contact. How does Acculturation differ from diffusion or cultural borrowing? Acculturation with continuous first hand contact while diffusion and cultural borrowing does not.
What term refers to the tasks and activities that a culture assigns to the sexes?
gender roles. the tasks and activities that a culture assigns to each sex.
What happens as one moves along the cultivation continuum?
What happens as one moves along the cultivating continuum? The use of land and labor intensifies. has significant environmental effects such as deforestation, water pollution, and reduction of ecological diversity.
What term refers to the type of pastoral economy in which the entire population moves with their animals throughout the year group of answer choices?
Transhumance, form of pastoralism or nomadism organized around the migration of livestock between mountain pastures in warm seasons and lower altitudes the rest of the year.
Which of the following subsistence patterns have humans been practicing the longest?
What are the different types of subsistence for humans throughout history?
Using this approach, anthropologists divided the cultures of the world into four basic subsistence types:
- Foraging (hunting and gathering wild plants and animals)
- Pastoralism (herding large domesticated animals)
- Horticulture (small-scale, low intensity farming)
What is foraging in anthropology?
Foraging means relying on food provided by nature through the gathering of plants and small animals, birds, and insects; scavenging animals killed by other predators; and hunting.
What is the subsistence pattern of horticultural societies?
Patterns of Subsistence: Horticulture. Horticulture is small scale, low intensity farming. This subsistence pattern involves at least part time planting and tending of domesticated food plants. Pigs, chickens, or other relatively small domesticated animals are often raised for food and prestige.
What is the subsistence pattern of pastoralist societies?
Pastoralism is usually the optimal subsistence pattern in these areas because it allows considerable independence from any particular local environment. When there is a drought, pastoralists disperse their herds or move them to new areas. Farmers rarely have these options.
What are the different types of economic subsistence?
The four modes of subsistence are foraging, pastoralism, horticulture, and agriculture. Each mode is defined by the tasks involved in obtaining food as well as the way members of the society are organized socially to accomplish these tasks.
What were the factors that caused the increase in food production?
In recent decades there has been impressive growth in food production, which has been attributed to the development of improved, disease-resistant varieties of staple crops; the increased use of chemical fertilizers and pesticides; and the expansion of irrigated cropland.
Does population growth affect food production?
Developing regions will present higher population growth rates and lower agriculture production growth rates and developed nations will present an inverse relationship (Pimentel, 1994). H1: An increase in population growth will decrease agriculture production.
What is the relationship between food production and population growth?
Global population growth means that food production needs to increase by 70% by 2050, placing pressure on food quality standards. The Food and Agricultural Organization of the United Nations (FAO) forecasts that global food production will need to increase by 70% if the population reaches 9.1bn by 2050.
How does climate affect food production?
As a recent report by the UN Food and Agriculture Organisation (FAO) explains, rising temperatures, rising seas and the increasing frequency of adverse weather events will interact to reduce agricultural and horticultural productivity in many regions around the world.
How does climate change reduce food production?
In North America, projected changes in temperature, soil moisture, carbon dioxide, and pests associated with global warming are expected to decrease food-crop production by as much as 27 percent. Also, heat stress may be a problem for crops such as corn and potatoes.
How does water scarcity affect food production?
Water scarcity has a huge impact on food production. Without water people do not have a means of watering their crops and, therefore, to provide food for the fast growing population. This causes more water then necessary to be used or for there not to be enough water to ensure healthy crops.
How does pollution affect food production?
There is a two way relationship between food production and air pollution: food production contributes significantly to air pollution; in turn, air pollution can impact food production. Agriculture is the single largest contributor of ammonia pollution as well as emitting other nitrogen compounds.
What are five environmental effects of food production?
We then determined, for each of the 15 food groups, how agricultural production of a serving of each food impacted 5 types of environmental degradation—GHG emissions, land use, scarcity-weighted water use, and acidification and eutrophication (2 forms of nutrient pollution)—using data from recent life cycle …
Are humans built to eat meat?
Numerous studies have shown that meat is not ideal for the human body and may actually be making us sick and killing us. The human body is intended to function on plant-based foods that are full of fiber, antioxidants, unsaturated fat, essential fatty acids, phytochemicals, and cholesterol-free protein.
What does Jesus say about eating pork?
In Leviticus 11:27, God forbids Moses and his followers to eat swine “because it parts the hoof but does not chew the cud.” Furthermore, the prohibition goes, “Of their flesh you shall not eat, and their carcasses you shall not touch; they are unclean to you.” That message is later reinforced in Deuteronomy.
Does God say it’s OK to eat meat?
Within the Bible’s New Testament, the Apostle Paul states that people of “weak faith” “eat only vegetables”, although he also warns both meat-eaters and vegetarians to “stop passing judgment on one another” when it comes to food in verse 13 and “[It is] good neither to eat flesh” in verse 21.