Is Western or Eastern Europe more developed?
It should come as no huge surprise: VC activity in Western Europe is much stronger than in Eastern Europe. Countries in Western Europe generally have more developed economies and a higher level of income per capita. As a result, there is more money available to entrepreneurs with a strong idea and business plan.
Why is Eastern Europe poorer than Western Europe?
With the exception of what became the Czech Republic, most of Eastern Europe was always more agrarian and therefore poorer than much of Western Europe. Much of the European theatre of the Second World War happened in Eastern Europe, in today’s Poland, Ukraine, Belarus, the Baltic countries, the Balkans and Russia.
Why did Eastern European countries tend to be less developed than Western European countries?
Originally Answered: Why was eastern europe less developed than western europe in the centuries before WWI? Yes, there were renaissance and enlightenment, but philosophy generally travels faster than technology. There was insufficient scientifical progress, which made the Eastern Europe forever catching-up.
Why is the West more developed than East?
Technology led to increased industrialization and economic complexity in the areas of agriculture, trade, fuel and resources, further separating the East and the West. Western Europe’s use of coal as an energy substitute for wood in the mid-19th century gave it a major head start in modern energy production.
Why did Europe advance so fast?
So far, we’ve identified a series of proximate factors behind European colonization of the New World: namely, ships, political organization, and writing that brought Europeans to the New World; European germs that killed most Indians before they could reach the battlefield; and guns, steel swords, and horses that gave …
Why didnt Africa develop like Europe?
Africans either didn’t have guns or they traded them and couldn’t manufacture their own. The second reason that is also related to the first is lack of centralized states. Europe’s main problem was the scarcity of land.
How did germs work against the European settlers?
These germs worked against the European settlers because livestock died. This hurt their food supply and tasks they had to complete. Africans built vaccinations that made them immune for life and evolved. African livestock also built resistance, but Europeans failed too because they are unique to the tropics.
What was the most overwhelmed European settlement?
Malaria. Carried by the humble mosquito, this was the disease that was now overwhelming the European settlers. But tropical Africans were combating malaria with more than just antibodies. Their entire civilisation had evolved to help them avoid infection in the first place.
What is Jared Diamond’s theory?
Jared Diamond’s basic theory is that some countries developed more rapidly than others and were able to expand and conquer much of the world because of geographic luck.
How did Guns Germs and Steel impact European colonialism?
Guns, germs and steel allowed Europeans to colonize vast tracts of the globe – but what happened when this all-conquering package arrived in Africa, the birthplace of humanity? The Zulus had built a sophisticated African state based on military conquest – and now they resisted European invasion.
Why are continents who are more East West Lucky?
Continents that are spread out in an east-west direction, such as Eurasia, had a developmental advantage because of the ease with which crops, animals, ideas and technologies could spread between areas of similar latitude.
Are Guns Germs Steel accurate?
Those were as accurate as possible when the book was written, and are not substantially different in 2020, even if some data has changed. However the main theory advertised by the book remains is based on environmental determinism, which is not an objective way to approach history.
What is the main idea of Guns Germs and Steel?
Diamond’s main theme in Guns, Germs, and Steel is that the advantage of one society over another is not based on race or intelligence as some historians have claimed but instead on geography. Certain favorable aspects of local geography allow a group of people who live in that area to more easily produce food.
What 3 things does Diamond say all great civilizations have in common?
Jared Diamond: All great civilizations have had some things in common – advanced technology, large populations, and well-organized workforce.
What was Diamond’s conclusion?
Diamond concludes that from the end of the Ice Age, geography ensured that different societies around the world would develop at different speeds. If Yali’s people had had all the geographic advantages of Europeans, perhaps they could have conquered the world.
What is the natural experiment of history and what is its purpose?
‘A Natural Experiment of History’ from Jared Diamond’s book Guns, Germs and Steel examines the facets of a hunter-gatherer culture that conspired to doom it to be conquered.
What makes a natural experiment?
A natural experiment is an empirical study in which individuals (or clusters of individuals) are exposed to the experimental and control conditions that are determined by nature or by other factors outside the control of the investigators. The process governing the exposures arguably resembles random assignment.
What are some reasons a researcher might use a natural experiment?
Natural experiments are often used to study situations in which controlled experimentation is not possible, such as when an exposure of interest cannot be practically or ethically assigned to research subjects.
What type of research is quasi experimental?
A quasi-experiment is a type of research design that attempts to establish a cause-and-effect relationship. The main difference with a true experiment is that the groups are not randomly assigned. What is random assignment?
What are lab experiments?
A laboratory experiment is an experiment conducted under highly controlled conditions (not necessarily a laboratory), where accurate measurements are possible. The researcher decides where the experiment will take place, at what time, with which participants, in what circumstances and using a standardized procedure.
What are natural experiments called?
Natural experiments or quasi-natural experiments in economics are serendipitous situations in which persons are assigned randomly to a treatment (or multiple treatments) and a control group, and outcomes are analysed for the purposes of putting a hypothesis to a severe test; they are also serendipitous situations where …
What is the difference between natural and field experiments?
A field experiment is where the independent variable (IV) is manipulated and dependent variable (DV) is measured but the experiment is carried out in a setting that is natural to the participant.
Are true and natural experiments the same?
In a true randomized experiment, the theory is a simple one: Units were randomly assigned to treatment and control groups by a flip of the coin, a randomly generated number, or similar means. In a natural or quasi experiment, the theory is often more complex.