This work, which is about the scientific discourse, political, and legal resistance, is characterized by its originality, methodological, theoretical and epistemological.
Its originality, methodological responds to a set of traits that identify it and that constitute it in a piece of mandatory consultation: (a) the interdisciplinary perspective that nurtures: sociology, law, and linguistics; b) the approach to research from the intersection between the linguistic analysis and c) qualitative research, and the observation both of the discourses with which they reproduce the various forms of ordination, hierarchy, social domination, and those other that the question on the basis of interpretative models as an alternative to the dominant, question the different orders of discourse designed to justify, sustain, maintain, and legitimize difference and subordination, to the detriment of the equal dignity. In each chapter unfolds a particular research about one among the various types of discourse that the work includes, following the style guidelines of qualitative research, both in its design and in the various stages of the research process. In respect of each corpus exhibits a detailed linguistic analysis, qualitative, giving account, at par, of the criteria and their use, and providing examples that allow the reader to attend to the steps of analysis that led to the results obtained. The originality methodology also lies in the proposals made by the author for the analysis of textual data, such as the analysis sociologicolingüístico of the speech (ASLD), and the analysis of the sociologicolingüístico of the narrative (ASLN), among others.
The originality theoretical of this work, at the same time, it is anchored on the decision of the author to opt for an investigative process straightened out more to the production to the reproduction of uncritical knowledge, which leads to continue on the path inductive in order to create theory from the data. This pathway enables you to both make conceptual proposals for innovative -developed in the Glossary of Concepts – such as reviewing, in the light of these data, previous theories that are routinely used for verification purposes in the areas of disciplinary by the transits.
The originality epistemological, finally, rests on the proposal of the Epistemology of the Subject Known, which substantiates the various investigations, the time that opens up the possibility, on the one hand, to the validity and acceptance of new ways of knowing, which are based on the principle of essential equality, and, on the other, the recognition of the identical capacity to know each and every one of the human beings. This Epistemology arises, also, as a result of the option by the inductive path, which, as argued by Irene Vasilachis of Gialdino in the Foreword, “it is essential to reveal, to expose, to present the processes of transformation that are formed by, day to day, but not enough to recognize as such, and the limited forms of knowledge that, usually, it operates in the field of science. These restrictions prevent discover how, in those innovative processes, the discursive practices contributing to the strengthening of the acceptance of the requirement of change, both with regard to the forms of be, as known to society, to their individual stakeholders and/or groups, and the action unfolds”. So, the presence, in the same work, research on the discourses of those who analyze the discourse –scientific discourse– of the speeches, which tend more to support than to question the power –discourse político_, of the different discourses that underlie the decision of the same court case –legal discourse– and discourses that are facing the power, their forms and those who hold –discourse of resistance– invites the reader to reflect not just on what you already know, but also, and mainly, on the scope and limits of ways of knowing with the one who knows and is known.
Chapter I. linguistic Analysis and qualitative research
1. the research question and the purpose
4. Conceptual context
5. The results of the research
6. the interpretation of the results of the research
7. qualitative research
8. Final thoughts
Chapter II. The work and the workers, the poor and the poverty: analysis sociológicolingüístico of political discourse
1. Research questions and corpus
2. Methodology and methodological strategies: the analysis sociológicolingüístico of the discourse and the interpretative models
3. Conceptual context
4. The speech by president Raul R. Alfonsín
5. The speech of president Carlos S. Menem
6. The speech of the president Fernando Of the Rúa
7. The speech of president Eduardo A. Duhalde
8. The speech of the president Nestor C. Kirchner
9. The speech of the president Cristina Fernández de Kirchner
10. Final thoughts
Chapter III. Employment, discrimination and human rights: the judicial discourse and the written press
1. Of the research questions, corpus and methodology
2. the jurisprudence of the Supreme Court of Justice of the Nation
3. The analysis
4. the representation of failure in the written press
5. Final thoughts
Chapter IV. Itineraries and situations of poverty: the narrative of resistance
1. The research
2. The analysis of the data
3. Final thoughts
Glossary of Concepts
About the author
Irene Vasilachis of Gialdino is a doctor of Law, a sociologist and a specialist in discourse analysis, is teaching post-Graduate of different Universities of your country and abroad. It is a Principal Researcher at the National Council of Scientific and Technical Research (CONICET) of Argentina, in the Centre for Studies and Research of Employment (CEIL-PIETTE).
Their works are done from a multidisciplinary perspective that combines law, sociology, and linguistics. His areas of interest are epistemology, the qualitative methodology, the linguistic analysis of discourse, the creation of the media and politics of social representations, poverty and social conflicts.
Among his main publications are: Qualitative Methods. The problems of theoretical-epistemological (1992), Buenos Aires: CEAL; The construction of social representations: the political discourse and the written press (1997), Barcelona: Gedisa and Poor, poverty, identity and social representations (2003), Barcelona: Gedisa.