What 3 places on earth do convection currents occur?
Convection currents occur within: the atmosphere – wind. the hydrosphere – ocean currents.
How convection takes place in the mantle?
The mantle is heated from below (the core), and in areas that are hotter it rises upwards (it is buoyant), whereas in areas that are cooler it sink down. This results in convection cells in the mantle, and produces horizontal motion of mantle material close to the Earth surface.
What temperatures are associated with mantle convection?
The temperature of the mantle varies greatly, from 1000° Celsius (1832° Fahrenheit) near its boundary with the crust, to 3700° Celsius (6692° Fahrenheit) near its boundary with the core. In the mantle, heat and pressure generally increase with depth. The geothermal gradient is a measurement of this increase.
Where does the convection current in the mantle obtain?
The Earth’s crust is broken up into pieces called plates. The crust moves because of movements deep inside the earth. Heat rising and falling inside the mantle creates convection currents generated by radioactive decay in the core. The convection currents move the plates.
What causes the convection of magma in the mantle?
Convection Currents in the Mantle Heat in the mantle comes from the Earth’s molten outer core, decay of radioactive elements and, in the upper mantle, friction from descending tectonic plates. The temperature difference between the upper and lower boundaries of the mantle requires heat transfer to occur.
Which of the following best explain convection current in the mantle?
Answer. Answer: Convection currents within the mantle provide one potential driving force for plate movement. The plastic movement of the mantle material moves like the flow of mountain glaciers, carrying the lithospheric plates along as the convection movement in the mantle moves the asthenosphere.
What is the source of heat in the mantle?
Radioactive potassium, uranium and thorium are thought to be the three main sources of heat in the Earth’s interior, aside from that generated by the formation of the planet. Together, the heat keeps the mantle actively churning and the core generating a protective magnetic field.
Does density play a role in convection in the mantle?
Convection is heat transfer due to a density differential within a fluid. As water’s temperature increases in the presence of a heat source, it will become less dense and rise. As the heated air rises high away from the sand, it cools off and becomes more dense.
What causes convection in the mantle quizlet?
Heating and cooling of the fluid, changes in the fluid density, and the force of gravity, combine to set convection currents in motion. Heat from the core and the mantle itself cause convection currents in the mantle.
What drives plate tectonics to move?
Heat and gravity are fundamental to the process Lithospheric plates are part of a planetary scale thermal convection system. The energy source for plate tectonics is Earth’s internal heat while the forces moving the plates are the “ridge push” and “slab pull” gravity forces.