What architectural element of the choir at the Abbey Church of Saint Denis was introduced by Abbot Suger?

What architectural element of the choir at the Abbey Church of Saint Denis was introduced by Abbot Suger?


Who was the first to use the term Gothic?

The term Gothic was coined by classicizing Italian writers of the Renaissance, who attributed the invention (and what to them was the nonclassical ugliness) of medieval architecture to the barbarian Gothic tribes that had destroyed the Roman Empire and its classical culture in the 5th century ce.

Which architectural feature was used in Romanesque churches?

Romanesque churches characteristically incorporated semicircular arches for windows, doors, and arcades; barrel or groin vaults to support the roof of the nave; massive piers and walls, with few windows, to contain the outward thrust of the vaults; side aisles with galleries above them; a large tower over the crossing …

Does cleaning antique silver devalue it?

Because harsh polishing and buffing can permanently damage and devalue a piece of antique silver, valuable items are typically hand-polished to preserve the unique patinas of older pieces

What is Niello on Siam jewelry?

Siam silver is officially called “Nielloware.” Niello is a black mixture of copper, silver, and lead, used as an inlay on engraved or etched metal. American soldiers who visited Thailand in the mid-20th century bought this jewelry for their ladies back home, making it a popular mid-century trend

How do you make Niello?

Making Niello

  1. In a conventional crucible, melt together 2 parts silver and 1 part copper, adding a small amount of borax as a flux.
  2. At the same time, melt 1 part lead in a steel ladle.
  3. Working under a fume hood with active ventilation, add powdered sulfur to the molten lead in generous amounts.

How do you clean Niello silver?

How to clean Russian niello/silver boxes: As a collector of Russian silver of all typs, my cleaning advice is: First wash the box in some dish washing solution with a soft toothbrush to delete the dirt and grease. After that polish it with cotton wool and some silver polish paste

What is Siam silver worth?

Item Type

Item Type Lowest Prices Average Prices
Pin (Small) .$7-$15 $15-$25
Pin (Medium) $10-$20 $20-$35
Pin (Large) $16-$30 $25-$45
Ring $10-$20 $15-$25

When did Siam become Thailand?

1851–1868) reads SPPM (Somdet Phra Poramenthra Maha) Mongkut Rex Siamensium (Mongkut King of the Siamese), giving the name Siam official status until 24 June 1939 when it was changed to “Thailand”. Thailand was renamed Siam from 1946 to 1948, after which it again reverted to “Thailand”.

How do you clean Nielloware?

To clean items I use Q-Tipps and liquid silver polish.Be carefull not to use on the niello surface to long,the “black” might get dull. Then wash with water and dishwatersoap. To dry quickly blow dry the pieces. more than a couple of minutes

Does cleaning silver with baking soda damage?

Although using baking soda and aluminum foil can quickly remove tarnish from silverware, some dealers caution against using it on antique silver, as it can be too abrasive and ruin the finish (especially if you’re unsure of the provenance and it’s possible that the pieces are not actually sterling silver).

How do you display silver without tarnishing?

Silver should always be stored in a drawer or chest lined with tarnish-resistant flannel or individually wrapped in acid-free tissue paper, silver cloth, or unbleached cotton muslin and placed in a zip-top plastic bag

How do you remove heavy tarnish from silver?

How to Clean Large Silver Items:

  1. Line your sink with foil.
  2. Pour boiling water into the sink.
  3. Add 1 cup baking soda and 1 cup salt to the water.
  4. Place silver pieces in the solution.
  5. Allow pieces to soak for up to 30 minutes.
  6. Remove items when cool and dry them off with a soft cloth.

How do you clean silver that has turned black?

White vinegar and baking soda: Use this gentle cleaner to remove heavy tarnish that’s preventing you from polishing your silver. Soak the tarnished piece in a solution of 1/2 cup white vinegar and 2 tbsp. baking soda (be prepared for the fizzing!) for two to three hours, then rinse and dry

What is the best homemade silver cleaner?

Instructions for Making Homemade Silver Cleaner:

  1. Line bottom of non-aluminum dish with a sheet of aluminum foil.
  2. Mix 1 tablespoon of baking soda into a quart of hot water.
  3. Soak for a half hour — time may vary depending on degree of tarnish.
  4. Buff with clean, dry cloth.

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