What are Frankfurt cases meant to illustrate?
Frankfurt cases (also known as Frankfurt counterexamples or Frankfurt-style cases) were presented by philosopher Harry Frankfurt in 1969 as counterexamples to the principle of alternate possibilities (PAP), which holds that an agent is morally responsible for an action only if that person could have done otherwise.
What is alternate possibility principle?
A dominant role in nearly all recent inquiries into the free-will problem has been played by a principle which I shall call “the principle of alternate possibilities.” This principle states that a person is morally responsible for what he has done only if he could have done otherwise.
What does Frankfurt claim about freedom?
What does Frankfurt claim about freedom?(1/1 point) That it implies the ability to do otherwise. That it doesn’t imply the ability to do otherwise. That real freedom is positive freedom.
How are persons different from wontons according to Frankfurt?
Frankfurt makes a further distinction. A wonton is someone who is controlled by their 1st-order desires. They make no attempt to exercise their (second-order) will. Wantons can be distinguished from persons not by the capacity to reason but by the (lack of) exercise of second-order volition.
What is the difference between a first order and second order desire give an example of each?
A first order desire is a desire for anything other than a desire; a second order desire is a desire for a desire. So, for instance, you might have a first order desire to smoke a cigarette; and a second order desire that you desire not to smoke a cigarette.
Why isn’t the wanton a person in Frankfurt’s theory?
Frankfurt argues that, in order to be considered a person, an individual should not only have second-order desires in general, but also specifically, desires to have certain desires to be his will. That is to say, a wanton is indifferent with regard to which first-order desires constitute his will.
What is a wanton in philosophy?
How does Frankfurt define a wanton? Definition. It’s someone who doesn’t have second order desires. They don’t want to want anything; they don’t not want to want anything. They just do whatever their strongest desire is and don’t take a stance on anything at all. (
What is a wanton?
1a : one given to self-indulgent flirtation or trifling —used especially in the phrase play the wanton. b : a lewd or lascivious person. 2 : a pampered person or animal : pet especially : a spoiled child. 3 : a frolicsome child or animal. wanton.
What is wanton desire?
Exciting or expressing sexual desire: a wanton pose. 2. Marked by unprovoked, gratuitous maliciousness; capricious and unjust: wanton destruction. 3.
What are examples of desires?
The desires are power, independence, curiosity, acceptance, order, saving, honor, idealism, social contact, family, status, vengeance, romance, eating, physical exercise, and tranquility. “These desires are what drive our everyday actions and make us who we are,” Reiss said.
What hormone makes you sexually active?
Estrogen, progesterone, and testosterone all affect sexual desire and arousal. Having higher levels of estrogen in the body promotes vaginal lubrication and increases sexual desire. Increases in progesterone can reduce sexual desire. There is some debate around how testosterone levels affect female sex drive.
What is fun to do right now?
21 Fun, Spontaneous Things to Do Right Now
- 01 of 21. Take a Day Off. @babba.c.
- 02 of 21. Call Somebody. Melodie Jeng/Getty Images.
- 03 of 21. Get out There. Michael Heffernan/Getty Images.
- 04 of 21. Treat Yourself to Dinner. Bloom Productions / Getty Images.
- 05 of 21. Plan a Staycation.
- 06 of 21. See Live Music.
- 07 of 21. Fly Somewhere.
- 08 of 21. Go Shopping.