What are joint products and joint costs?
A joint cost is a cost that benefits more than one product, while a by-product is a product that is a minor result of a production process and which has minor sales. Besides the split-off point, there may also be one or more by-products.
Is joint cost relevant cost?
In a sense, joint costs are sunk costs with respect to this decision, and will not influence future processing decisions. Thus joint costs incurred prior to the split-off point are irrelevant to the decision whether to process further after the split-off point.
What method is most commonly used for allocating joint processing costs to joint products explain?
The sales-value-at-split-off method allocates joint cost based on each product’s proportionate share of market or sales value at the split-off point. b. In this method, the higher the market value, the greater the joint cost assigned to the product.
How do you account for by-products?
Accounting for by-products There are two ways of accounting for a by-product: the production method and the sales method. Under the production method, product’s sales value is recognised in the accounting period in which the product is produced, and the by-product is considered as inventory.
Why is cost allocation useful?
Allocating cost is essential for financial reporting, i.e., to correctly assign the cost among the cost objects. It allows the company to calculate the true profitability of the department or function. This profitability could serve as the basis for making further decisions for that department or service.
Which of the following is a weakness of the step method of service cost allocations?
The order of service department allocation has to be determined and is considered a weakness of the step method of service cost allocations.
What are the methods of allocation?
When allocating costs, there are four allocation methods to choose from.
- Direct labor.
- Machine time used.
- Square footage.
- Units produced.
What are service departments give two examples?
Some examples of service departments include the factory maintenance department, quality control, factory information technology departments, and the purchasing department. The head of each service department is held responsible for the costs incurred in his or her service department.
What are examples of service department?
Some examples of service departments are given below:
- Material handling department.
- Medical department.
- Inspection department.
- Security department.
- Maintenance department.
- Human resource department.
- Purchasing department.
Which of the following is an example of a service department?
Examples of service departments are as follows: Maintenance department. Bills the production department for labor and equipment consumed during the maintenance of machinery. Bills a variety of departments for its efforts in procuring goods and services for them.
Which of the following is a service department?
Receiving department is a service department. A service department is a cost center that provides services to the rest of a company. The manager of a service department is responsible for keeping costs down, or meeting the costs stated in a budget.
Is finishing department a service department?
Fabricating and Finishing are the two production departments of a manufacturing company. Building Operations and Information Services are service departments that provide support to the two production departments as well as to each other.
What is difference between production department and service department?
In the Factory, a service department is one that is not directly engaged in production but renders a particular type of service for the benefit of other departments. A producing department is one in which manual and machine operations are performed directly upon any part of the product manufactured.
What is direct method of cost allocation?
The direct allocation method is a technique for charging the cost of service departments to other parts of a business. This concept is used to fully load operating departments with those overhead costs for which they are responsible.
What is a cost allocation method?
Cost allocation is the process of identifying, accumulating, and assigning costs to costs objects such as departments, products, programs, or a branch of a company. When costs are allocated in the right way, the business is able to trace the specific cost objects that are making profits or losses for the company.
What is the allocation amount?
An allocation is an amount of money that is given to a particular person or used for a particular purpose. An allocation is an amount of money that is given to a particular person or used for a particular purpose.
What is meant by allocation method?
The allocation method defines how the files are stored in the disk blocks. The direct access nature of the disks gives us the flexibility to implement the files. In many cases, different files or many files are stored on the same disk. Mainly a system uses one method for all files within the system. …
How many types of file allocation are there?
What is the sequential method?
The sequential method is used to allocate the cost of service departments to other departments within an organization. Under this approach, the cost of each service department is allocated one department at a time. Once these costs have been allocated, the costs of the next service department are allocated.
What is the major benefit to a sequential design?
Studies with sequential designs are powerful because they allow for both longitudinal and cross-sectional comparisons—changes and/or stability with age over time can be measured and compared with differences between age and cohort groups.
What is sequential allocation?
Sequential allocation involves creating a treatment group and a comparison group by using a sequence to choose participants (e.g. every 3rd person on the list).
What is a cohort sequential study?
an experimental design in which multiple measures are taken over a period of time from two or more groups of different ages (birth cohorts). Such studies essentially are a combination of a longitudinal design and a cross-sectional design. Also called accelerated longitudinal design.