What are some specific powers that affect policy making in the house?
The House has several powers assigned exclusively to it, including the power to initiate revenue bills, impeach federal officials, and elect the President in the case of an electoral college tie. The Senate is composed of 100 Senators, 2 for each state.
How are the two houses of Congress structured and what are their roles?
Congress is divided into two institutions: the House of Representatives and the Senate. The two houses of Congress have equal but unique roles in the federal government. Every state has an equal voice in the Senate, while representation in the House of Representatives is based on the size of each state’s population.
How is the policy making process different in the Senate than it is in the house?
The Senate is more involved than the House in cultivating national constituencies, forming questions for national debate, and gaining general public support for policy proposals.”
How many is needed for a quorum?
For example, if the House has the total membership of 250, at least 25 members must be present for the House to proceedings with its business. If at any time during a meeting of a House there is no quorum, the Chairman has to either adjourn the House or suspend it until there is a quorum.
How many senators require a quorum?
Article I, section 5 of the Constitution requires that a quorum (51 senators) be present for the Senate to conduct business. Often, fewer than 51 senators are present on the floor, but the Senate presumes a quorum unless a roll call vote or quorum call suggests otherwise.
What are the powers of the President of the Senate?
The vice president, as president of the Senate, has the authority (ex officio, as they are not an elected member of the Senate) to cast a tie-breaking vote. Other than this, the rules of the Senate grant its president very little power (in contrast to the powerful office of speaker of the House of Representatives).
What is the VP’s role in the Senate?
Other than to succeed to the presidency upon the death or resignation of a president, a vice president’s only constitutional duty is to preside over the Senate. The vice president presides over the Senate only on ceremonial occasions or when a tie-breaking vote may be needed.