What are the 6 stages of Kohlberg?
Stages of Moral Development
- Stage 1 (Pre-Conventional) Obedience and punishment orientation (How can I avoid punishment?)
- Stage 2 (Conventional) Interpersonal accord and conformity (Social norms, good boy – good girl attitude)
- Stage 3 (Post-Conventional) Social contract orientation (Justice and the spirit of the law)
What are the three stages of moral development according to Gilligan?
Like Kohlberg’s, it has three major divisions: preconventional, conventional, and post conventional. But for Gilligan, the transitions between the stages are fueled by changes in the sense of self rather than in changes in cognitive capability.
What is the first stage of moral reasoning in Kohlberg’s theory group of answer choices?
Obedience and Punishment
Which stage of Kohlberg’s moral development theory is abiding by law and order?
Stage four is the Law and Order, or Social System and Conscience stage. Children and adults at this stage abide by the rules of the society in which they live.
What are the 3 stages of Kohlberg’s moral development?
Kohlberg identified three distinct levels of moral reasoning: preconventional, conventional, and postconventional.
How do moral characters develop ethics?
Bond proposed the following as major sources in influencing character and moral development: heredity, early childhood experience, modeling by important adults and older youth, peer influence, the general physical and social environment, the communications media, the teachings of schools and other institutions, and …
At what age does Moral Reasoning develop?
The first two stages, at level 1, preconventional morality, occur before the individual has even become aware of social conventions. At stage 2 (from age 5 to age 7, or up to age 9, in some cases), children learn that it is in their interest to behave well, because rewards are in store if they do.
How do emotions affect moral decision making?
Emotions – that is to say feelings and intuitions – play a major role in most of the ethical decisions people make. Inner-directed negative emotions like guilt, embarrassment, and shame often motivate people to act ethically. Outer-directed negative emotions, on the other hand, aim to discipline or punish.
What factors affects man’s moral behavior?
Moral development is affected by different factors such as parents, significant elders, peers, culture, religion and education.
What is moral and ethical behavior?
While they’re closely related concepts, morals refer mainly to guiding principles, and ethics refer to specific rules and actions, or behaviors. A moral precept is an idea or opinion that’s driven by a desire to be good. An ethical code is a set of rules that defines allowable actions or correct behavior.
What is the basis of ethical behavior?
Ethical behavior is based on written and unwritten codes of principles and values held in society. Ethics reflect beliefs about what is right, what is wrong, what is just, what is unjust, what is good, and what is bad in terms of human behavior.
What is the major difference between ethics and laws?
Ethics are a set of moral values an individual establishes for one’s self and your own personal behavior. Laws are structured rules utilized to govern all of society. Not only do retail companies have an obligation to act ethically but so do the professional individuals working there.
What is the difference between law and ethics in information security?
The key difference between laws and ethics is that laws carry the authority of a governing body and ethics do not. Ethics, in turn, are based on cultural mores.