What are the challenges of population growth?
It identifies and ranks the 20 countries facing the greatest demographic challenges with respect to hunger, poverty, water scarcity, environmental degradation and political instability, taking into account various factors affecting their ability to meet the needs of a growing population, like corruption, climate change …
What are the factors that affect the population growth and carrying capacity?
Carrying capacity, or the maximum number of individuals that an environment can sustain over time without destroying or degrading the environment, is determined by a few key factors: food availability, water, and space.
What factors contribute to rapid population growth?
Several factors are responsible for the rapid growth: a drop in mortality rates, a young population, improved standards of living, and attitudes and practices which favor high fertility.
What are the determinants of population growth?
igh fertility rates have historically been strongly correlated with poverty, high childhood mortality rates, low status and educational levels of women, deficiencies in reproductive health services, and inadequate availability and acceptance of contraceptives.
How does population growth impact climate change?
First, older people are physically more vulnerable to extreme heat, so population aging could exacerbate increases in heat-stress mortality brought on by climate change. Higher temperatures also exacerbate outdoor air pollution such as ozone, which also disproportionately affects older people.
How does overpopulation affect development?
There are some benefits of overpopulation, more people means more labor force, it can product more things, and more people will buy the products, However, the growth of population should be similar to the food supply, so overpopulation will cause lack of food, and as the rate of growth of population exceeds the rate of …
How population growth affects the development?
Some theoretical analyses argue that high population growth creates pressures on limited natural resources, reduces private and public capital formation, and diverts additions to capital resources to maintaining rather than increasing the stock of capital per worker.
How population growth affects the economy and development?
The Relationship Between Economic Growth and Population Growth. If population growth and per capita GDP growth are completely independent, higher population growth rates would clearly lead to higher economic growth rates.
Is population growth detrimental to economic development?
However, there is widespread agreement that population growth is a crucial factor in the process of social and economic development. Moreover, rapid population growth reduces the proportion of household savings, making less money available for per capita investment in both physical and human capital.