What are the powers and functions of the judiciary in India?

What are the powers and functions of the judiciary in India?

Judiciary of India

Service Overview
Controlling authority Supreme Court High Court
Legal personality Judiciary
Duties Provide Justice to Victim Punish the Offenders
Hierarchy of Courts in India 1.Supreme Court 2.High Courts 3.Subordinate Courts – Civil & Criminal 4.Executive / Revenue Court

What are the powers and functions of judiciary?

One of the major functions of the judiciary is to interpret and apply laws to specific cases. In the course of deciding the disputes that come before it, the judges interpret and apply laws. Every law needs a proper interpretation for getting applied to every specific case. This function is performed by the judges.

What are the powers of judiciary?

Judicial function is to decide upon the legality of claims and conduct, to determine what the law is and what the rights of parties are with respect to transactions already had. Legislative function is making the law to govern new controversies; it prescribes what the law shall be in future cases arising under it.

What are the powers of judiciary in India Class 9?

judicial powers:

  • The Rajya Sabha can impeach the President the charge of violating the Constitution.
  • It can pass a special address to remove a jdge of the Supreme court or High Courts.
  • The charges against the Vice-president can be levelled in the Rajya Sabha only.

What is the role of judiciary Class 9?

The judiciary is that branch of the government that interprets the law, settles disputes and administers justice to all citizens. The judiciary is considered the watchdog of democracy, and also the guardian of the Constitution.

What is called judiciary Class 9?

The judiciary includes all the courts at different levels in a country and consists of the Supreme Court, High Courts and district courts. The Indian courts of law are further divided into two groups: civil courts and criminal courts. The civil courts deal with general disputes regarding land, property, and rights.

Why do we need judiciary?

In a federal system, the judiciary has to perform an additionally important role as the guardian of the constitution and the arbiter of disputes between the centre and states. It acts as an independent and impartial umpire between the central government and state governments as well as among the states.

What is the full form of PIL?

A Public Interest Litigation (PIL) is a petition that can be filed by any member of the public for any matter of public interest, for redress of public wrong or injury.

What are the features of PIL?


  • By creating a new regime of human rights by expanding the meaning of fundamental right to equality, life and personal liberty.
  • By democratization of access of justice.
  • By fashioning new kinds of reliefs under the court’s writ jurisdiction.

Who introduced PIL?

PN Bhagwati

What is the importance of PIL?

Significance of PIL The aim of PIL is to give to the common people access to the courts to obtain legal redress. PIL is an important instrument of social change and for maintaining the Rule of law and accelerating the balance between law and justice.

How has pil helped poor?

Public interest litigation can help the poor in the following ways: It can seek to protect the fundamental rights and better the living conditions of the poor. It can allow public spirited citizens, social organisations and lawyers to file cases on behalf of those who cannot approach the courts.

How does a PIL work?

In simple terms, a PIL is a petition that an individual or a non-government organisation or citizen groups, can file in the court seeking justice in an issue that has a larger public interest. It aims at giving common people an access to the judiciary to obtain legal redress for a greater cause.

What is the difference between PIL and Writ Petition?

PIL is writ only but PIL means litigation in the interest of public and not in the interest of the litigant. The writ petition should involve a question, which affects public at large or group of people, and not a single individual. Only the effected /Aggrieved person can file a writ petition.

Who can file a PIL Class 8?

Answer The Supreme Court in the early 1980s devised a mechanism of Public Interest Litigation or PIL to increase access to justice. It allowed any individual or organisation to file a PIL in the High Court or the Supreme Court on behalf of those whose rights were being violated.

Can NGO file a PIL?

Answers (2) A Public Interest Litigation (PIL) can be filed before a Magistrate or in any High Court or directly in the Supreme Court. PIL is a right given to the socially conscious member or a public spirited NGO to espouse a public cause by seeking judicial redressal of public injury.

Can a government employee file a PIL?

Breaking; Government Employees can File PIL since Right to Judicial Remedies is a Constitutional right; SC quashes Disciplinary proceedings against IAS Officer for filing Black Money PIL and orders to pay 5 Lakhs [Read Jt] In a landmark Judgment a Two Judge Bench of the Supreme Court comprising of Justice J.

Can aggrieved person file PIL?

P. C. The court must be satisfied that the Writ petition fulfills some basic needs for PIL as the letter is addressed by the aggrieved person, public spirited individual and a social action group for the enforcement of legal or Constitutional rights to any person who are not able to approach the court for redress.

Who can file PIL cases?

Any Indian citizen can file a PIL, the only condition being that it should be filed in the public interest rather than private interest. If an issue is of very public importance, many times the court also takes suo motu cognizance in such a case and appoints a lawyer to handle such a case.

What is the full form of PIL Class 8?

“Public interest Litigation” or PIL is a litigation filed in a court of law, for the protection of “Public Interest”, such as pollution, terrorism, road safety, constructional hazards etc.

How do you draft PIL?

A PIL can be filed in two ways: 1) following the formal legal procedure of filing a writ petition under Article 32 of the Constitution to the Supreme Court or Article 226 to the requisite High Court, or 2) submitting a letter to the Chief Justice of India (CJI) or Chief Justice of a High Court (CJHC).

Can I fight my own case in court in India?

Provision for Fighting One’s Own Case as per Advocate’s Act. Section 32 of the Advocate’s Act clearly mentions, the court may allow any person to appear before it even if he is not an advocate. Therefore, one gets the statutory right to defend one’s own case through Advocate Act in India.

What if I can’t afford a lawyer in India?

Free legal aid can be granted to members of Scheduled Castes and Scheduled Tribes, women, children, victims of human trafficking, mentally ill or disabled persons, industrial workers, undertrials, victims of natural disasters and ethnic violence as well people with an annual income less than Rs 50,000.

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