What are two reasons why the Confederates wanted New Mexico?

What are two reasons why the Confederates wanted New Mexico?

Answer: To vex, perplex and hassle Union forces. It was like opening a second front that drew off forces from the primary battlefield. A point can also be made that the Colorado gold fields were the actual target, in the hopes of financing their war effort.

Why was New Mexico important to the Confederate South?

Why was New Mexico important to the Confederate South? a. The South wanted the gold fields and international recognition. The South wanted to use the Rio Grande river to transport troops.

What were three reasons the Confederacy was interested in New Mexico?

Three reasons there were interested was because New Mexico had supplies, the Santa Fe trail Trading that led all the way up to Missouri, and that they had fertile land.

Why did the Confederacy want to invade New Mexico?

In 1861, the Confederacy claimed the southern half of the vast New Mexico Territory as its own Arizona Territory and waged the ambitious New Mexico Campaign in an attempt to control the American Southwest and open up access to Union-held California.

What happened in New Mexico during the Civil War?

The New Mexico campaign was a military operation of the Trans-Mississippi Theater of the American Civil War from February to April 1862 in which Confederate Brigadier General Henry Hopkins Sibley invaded the northern New Mexico Territory in an attempt to gain control of the Southwest, including the gold fields of …

What would happen if Confederacy won?

First, the outcome of the victory of the South could have been another Union, ruled by the Southern States. The United-States of America would have another capital in Richmond. Their industrious prosperity would have been stopped and slavery would have remained in all the United-States for a long time.

Which two Civil War battles took place in New Mexico and what were their locations?


Name Date Location
Skirmish near Fort Thorn, New Mexico Territory September 26, 1861 near Fort Thorn
Battle of Valverde February 20–21, 1862 near Fort Craig
Battle of Glorieta Pass March 26–28, 1862 modern Santa Fe County & San Miguel County
Battle of Albuquerque April 8–9, 1862 Albuquerque

Was there a Civil War battle in New Mexico?

The Battle of Glorieta Pass (March 26–28, 1862) in the northern New Mexico Territory, was the decisive battle of the New Mexico campaign during the American Civil War….Battle of Glorieta Pass.

Date March 26–28, 1862
Location New Mexico Territory; United States
Result Tactical draw, strategic Union victory

What key fort is the Confederate Army trying to capture in NM?

[43] This order made Fort Union, just as Sumner had originally planned in 1851, the major shipping point in New Mexico Territory, a position it held until the railroad arrived nearby in 1879. It also made the post the most important objective for Confederate forces hoping to capture the territory.

What was the main battle fought in New Mexico in 1862?

Battle of Glorieta Pass

Why did Spain settle in New Mexico?

In founding Santa Fe, Spain signified that she intended to stay in New Mexico for good. Prior to this time, the settlers and soldiers lived off the natives; eating their food, using their clothing, and dwelling in, or beside, their villages. Santa Fe was established as the first purely Spanish settlement.

Who won the battle of Santa Fe?

No shots were fired during the capturing of Santa Fe….

Capture of Santa Fe
Date August 15, 1846 Location Santa Fe, New Mexico Result American victory
United States Mexico
Commanders and leaders

Where did the Confederate forces come from?

Eleven states left the United States in the following order and formed the Confederate States of America: South Carolina, Mississippi, Florida, Alabama, Georgia, Louisiana, Texas, Virginia, Arkansas, North Carolina, and Tennessee. Fact #4: The Civil War began when Southern troops bombarded Fort Sumter, South Carolina.

What does the Confederate Army stand for?

The Confederate States Army, also called the Confederate Army or simply the Southern Army, was the military land force of the Confederate States of America (commonly referred to as the Confederacy) during the American Civil War (1861–1865), fighting against the United States forces in order to uphold the institution of …

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