What behavior operates on the environment producing consequences?

What behavior operates on the environment producing consequences?

operant behavior

When the consequences of a behavior increases the likelihood?

Reinforcement is defined as a consequence that follows an operant response that increase (or attempts to increase) the likelihood of that response occurring in the future.

What type of consequence of a behavior increases the likelihood of the recurrence of that behavior in the future?

Behavior modification is a type of behavior therapy. B. F. Skinner demonstrated that behavior could be shaped through reinforcement and/or punishment. Skinner noted that a reinforcer is a consequence that increases the likelihood of behavior to recur, while punishment is a consequence that decreases the chance.

Is a consequence that decreases the likelihood that a behavior?

Punishment means you are decreasing a behavior: it is any consequence or outcome that decreases the likelihood of a behavioral response. Extinction , in operant conditioning, refers to when a reinforced behavior is extinguished entirely.

Which of the following decreases the likelihood that a behavior will occur again?

Cards

Term Learning Definition A relatively permanent change in behavior brought about by experience.
Term Punishment Definition A stimulus that decreases the probability that a previous behavior will occur again.

What is the process by which a stimulus increases the chances of preceding behavior occurring again?

A learned stimulus. Where people and animals learn to do certain things, and not to do certain things. Reinforcement. The process by which a stimulus increases the chances that the preceding behavior will occur again.

What is the sudden reappearance of an extinguished response?

Spontaneous recovery is the reappearance of an extinguished conditioned response when the conditioned stimulus returns after a period of absence. Stimulus generalization is the tendency to respond to a new stimulus as if it is the original conditioned stimulus.

What is the process by which a stimulus increases the likelihood that a preceding behavior will be repeated?

reinforcement. Reinforcement is used to bring about a desired response.

What stimulus is a stimulus that is natural and needs no training?

In the learning process known as classical conditioning, the unconditioned stimulus (UCS) is one that unconditionally, naturally, and automatically triggers a response. In other words, the response takes place without any prior learning.

Why does considering reinforcers as nothing but rewards oversimplify things?

Why does considering reinforcers as nothing but rewards oversimplify things? Reinforcers can be positive or negative, rewards are only positive. Reduce the frequency of a behavior.

What did we learn from the Little Albert experiment?

The Little Albert Experiment demonstrated that classical conditioning could be used to create a phobia. A phobia is an irrational fear, that is out of proportion to the danger. In this experiment, a previously unafraid baby was conditioned to become afraid of a rat.

What was the unconditioned stimulus in the case of Little Albert?

In Watson’s experiment with Little Albert, the white rat was the (conditioned, unconditioned) stimulus, and Albert’s crying when the hammer struck the steel bar was the (conditioned, unconditioned) response.

Which of the following is an example of a stimulus discrimination?

An instance of stimulus discrimination is if a child swears on the playground. The other children would be reinforcing which makes them an SD. If the child says the same thing in front of grandma and grandpa, no reinforcement will occur, making them the SΔ.

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