What benefits did a caravel offer to explorers quizlet?
a small, maneuverable three-mast sailing ship developed by the Portuguese in the fifteenth century. The caravel gave the Portuguese a distinct advantage in exploration and trade. The lateen sails gave her speed and the capacity for sailing to windward (beating). You just studied 26 terms!
What were caravels used for?
Caravel, a light sailing ship of the 15th, 16th, and 17th centuries in Europe, much-used by the Spanish and Portuguese for long voyages. Apparently developed by the Portuguese for exploring the coast of Africa, the caravel’s chief excellence lay in its capacity for sailing to windward.
What was the advantage of using caravels rather than galleons for sea exploration?
Caravels were lighter and smaller than the future galleons of the Spanish (developed in the 1500’s). The caravel is a small and highly maneuverable ship which proved to be effective to the Portugese for exploration purposes beginning in the 15th century.
Did pirates use caravels?
The Caravel was slightly smaller than the Carrack and was generally used for carrying cargo and fishing. They were faster than most vessels and therefore favored by pirates.
How did the caravel improve travel?
The caravel was created by Prince Henry, a portuguese explorer. He needed a ship that would be able to sail near the rocky coast of Africa and connect him to the Indies for trade. The first improvement were its lateen sails. They were triangular sails that helped travel against wind and increased the speed of the ship.
What kind of ships did explorers use?
Age of Discovery
- Carrack (Nao)
- East Indiamen.
What did the Encomienda system provide for New Spain New World?
The encomienda system allowed for a vast accumulation of wealth by the conquistadors and the Spanish crown. They benefited from the discovery of gold and silver in the New World, and the mining of those metals by their laborers.
What was originally founded as a settlement by the Dutch?
After some early trading expeditions, the first Dutch settlement in the Americas was founded in 1615: Fort Nassau, on Castle Island along the Hudson, near present-day Albany. The settlement served mostly as an outpost for trading in fur with the native Lenape tribespeople, but was later replaced by Fort Orange.
Why did Dutch colonize America?
The original intent of Dutch colonization was to find a path to Asia through North America, but after finding the fur trade profitable, the Dutch claimed the area of New Netherlands. Unlike the Spanish and English, the French and Dutch fostered good relationships with Native Americans.
How long did the Dutch occupy Indonesia?
In de 19th century, the Dutch East Indies – modern Indonesia – developed into a profitable colonial empire.