What causes hot air balloons to rise?
Science tell us that hot air rises, and as the air is heated inside the balloon it causes it to rise upwards (because it is lighter than the cooler air on the outside). When the pilot needs to bring the balloon down again, he simply reduces the temperature of the air inside the balloon causing it to slowly descend.
What happens to the size of the balloon as the temperature increases?
In a balloon when the temperature increases, the individual gas molecules that you can’t see but that make up gases start moving really fast. When the molecules are moving fast under higher temperatures, they run into the sides of the balloon more often making the balloon bigger.
What happens to the volume or size of a balloon as it rises in the air?
When a balloon goes up higher in the air, its size will increase. Since there’s less air in the upper atmosphere, there’s less stuff pushing back on the balloon, and hence the pressure is lower, which allows the balloon to expand.
What happens to a balloon as it rises in elevation?
As the balloon rises, the gas inside the balloon expands because the atmospheric pressure surrounding the balloon drops. The atmosphere is 100 to 200 times less dense at the float altitudes than on the ground.
How high can a regular balloon go?
While no one can ever guarantee a weather balloon will soar to a specific height, the balloons typically reach between 60,000 and 105,000 feet. However, the highest recorded weather balloon flight on record was launched in 2002 and soared to an incredible height of 173,000 feet.
What is the average flight time of a hot air balloon ride?
HOW LONG IS AN AVERAGE BALLOON FLIGHT? Usually a balloon flight lasts about an hour. At an average wind speed of about 5 mph, a balloon will fly 2 – 8 miles. Ground crews follow the balloon, talking on the radio with the pilot.
How much do you tip a hot air balloon pilot?
Should we tip our balloon pilot and chase crew? Like all service providers, a gratuity is always appreciated. A typical tip would be 10-20% of the total price.