What did Jean-Jacques Rousseau believe about government?
Rousseau argued that the general will of the people could not be decided by elected representatives. He believed in a direct democracy in which everyone voted to express the general will and to make the laws of the land. Rousseau had in mind a democracy on a small scale, a city-state like his native Geneva.
What were Jean-Jacques Rousseau ideas?
|School||Social contract Romanticism|
|Main interests||Political philosophy, music, education, literature, autobiography|
|Notable ideas||General will, amour de soi, amour-propre, moral simplicity of humanity, child-centered learning, civil religion, popular sovereignty, positive liberty, public opinion|
What was Rousseau theory?
As a believer in the plasticity of human nature, Rousseau holds that good laws make for good citizens. However, he also believes both that good laws can only be willed by good citizens and that, in order to be legitimate, they must be agreed upon by the assembly.
What is Rousseau’s main argument?
Rousseau’s argument in the Discourse is that the only natural inequality among men is the inequality that results from differences in physical strength, for this is the only sort of inequality that exists in the state of nature.
What does Rousseau say about private property?
While Rousseau understands property or possession in its most primitive forms as natural and, similar to Locke, derives it from individual labor, Rousseau stresses that property rights (and especially property rights in land) are strictly relational phenomena, and thus founded not on “nature” but on society.
Does Rousseau want to abolish property?
Rousseau rejects this view, attributing the creation of property to “convention and human institution,” so necessarily following the formation of society (Second Discourse, Part II, 84). This subtle difference in sequencing dramatically alters each philosopher’s conception of the legitimate role of the civil state.
What is Rousseau’s state of nature?
The state of nature, for Rousseau, is a morally neutral and peaceful condition in which (mainly) solitary individuals act according to their basic urges (for instance, hunger) as well as their natural desire for self-preservation.
What was Jean-Jacques Rousseau’s opinion on civilization’s morality?
Rousseau asserts that only the people, who are sovereign, have that all-powerful right. A 1750 treatise by Jean-Jacques Rousseau, which argued that the arts and sciences corrupt human morality.
Who believed the government would become corrupt?
Why is Leviathan important?
Leviathan, Hobbes’s most important work and one of the most influential philosophical texts produced during the seventeenth century, was written partly as a response to the fear Hobbes experienced during the political turmoil of the English Civil Wars.