What did President Bush authorize the National Security Administration to do after 9 11?
On December 16, 2005, The New York Times printed a story asserting that following 9/11, “President Bush secretly authorized the National Security Agency to eavesdrop on Americans and others inside the United States to search for evidence of terrorist activity without the court-approved warrants ordinarily required for …
What is the purpose of NSA surveillance?
The Procedures allow the government to keep and analyze even purely domestic communications if they contain significant foreign intelligence information, evidence of a crime, or encrypted information.
What authority does the President of the United States have to authorize foreign intelligence wiretaps?
the Attorney General
What are two modern methods of electronic surveillance?
Overview. Examples of electronic surveillance include: wiretapping, bugging, videotaping; geolocation tracking such as via RFID, GPS, or cell-site data; data mining, social media mapping, and the monitoring of data and traffic on the Internet.
What are the three categories of surveillance?
For undercover officers, any unmasking of their identity and purpose may result in injury or death.
- Electronic Monitoring.
- Fixed Surveillance.
- Stationary Technical Surveillance.
- Three-Person Surveillance.
- Undercover Operations.
How do I know if I’m under surveillance?
Confirming Physical Surveillance
- a person being somewhere he has no purpose being or for doing something he has no reason to be doing (blatant poor demeanor) or something more subtle.
- moving when the target moves.
- communicating when the target moves.
- avoiding eye contact with the target.
- making sudden turns or stops.
What are the 5 types of surveillance?
There are a variety of ways to carry out surveillance, including the use of electronics, physical observation, conducting interviews, and using technology.
What is active and passive surveillance?
Definitions and Basic Concepts Active surveillance provides the most accurate and timely information, but it is also expensive. Passive surveillance: a system by which a health jurisdiction receives reports submitted from hospitals, clinics, public health units, or other sources.
What is an example of active surveillance?
Massachusetts Infectious Disease Surveillance: MAVEN The MAVEN system is an example of “active surveillance.”
How do I start a surveillance system?
Steps in planning a surveillance system
- Establish objectives.
- Develop case definitions.
- Determine data sources data-collection mechanism (type of system)
- Determine data-collection instruments.
- Field-test methods.
- Develop and test analytic approach.
- Develop dissemination mechanism.
- Assure use of analysis and interpretation.
Who needs health surveillance?
Health surveillance is required if all the following criteria are met: there is an identifiable disease/adverse health effect and evidence of a link with workplace exposure. it is likely the disease/health effect may occur. there are valid techniques for detecting early signs of the disease/health effect.
Why is surveillance needed?
Surveillance is crucial because it contributes to better prevention and management of noncommunicable diseases. Through the data collected, countries are able to set their priorities and develop targeted interventions to reverse the noncommunicable disease epidemic.
Why is disease surveillance important?
Surveillance information is used in a variety of ways: to identify cases for investigation, to estimate magnitude of disease, to detect outbreaks, to evaluate response and prevention measures, to monitor changes in infectious agents, to facilitate research, and to measure the impacts of changes in health care practices …
Who is active surveillance?
A treatment plan that involves closely watching a patient’s condition but not giving any treatment unless there are changes in test results that show the condition is getting worse.
How long can you be on active surveillance?
Research shows active surveillance is a safe way for men with low risk prostate cancer to avoid or delay unnecessary treatment. And you have the same chances of living for 10 years or more as you would if you chose to have treatment with surgery or radiotherapy.
How long does active surveillance last?
Active surveillance is often used to mean monitoring the cancer closely. Usually this includes a doctor visit with a prostate-specific antigen (PSA) blood test about every 6 months and a digital rectal exam (DRE) at least once a year. Prostate biopsies and imaging tests may be done every 1 to 3 years as well.