What effect does a 35 gallon fuel burn main tanks have on the weight and balance if the airplane weighed 2890 pounds and the MOM 100 was 2452 at takeoff?
What effect does a 35-gallon fuel burn (main tanks) have on the weight and balance if the airplane weighed 2,890 pounds and the MOM/100 was 2,452 at takeoff? Correct answer: C. 210 pounds less and the aircraft is aft of the limits.
What is the maximum amount of baggage that can be carried on the airplane is loaded as follows?
(Refer to Figures 32 and 33) What is the maximum amount of baggage that can be carried when the airplane is loaded as follows? a. 45 pounds. (Refer to Figures 32 and 33) Calculate the weight and balance and determine if the CG and the weight of the airplane are within limits.
What is the maximum amount of luggage that can be carried when the plane is loaded as follows Figure 33 and Figure 34?
Which items are included in the empty weight of an aircraft?
Standard empty weight (GAMA)—aircraft weight that consists of the airframe, engines, and all items of operating equipment that have fixed locations and are permanently installed in the aircraft, including fixed ballast, hydraulic fluid, unusable fuel, and full engine oil.
Does aircraft empty weight include fuel?
Basic aircraft empty weight is the weight of the aircraft without passengers, baggage or usable fuel. Fuel load is the expendable fuel in the aircraft; however, it does not include any fuel in fuel lines or tank sumps.
What is the difference between basic empty weight and licensed empty weight?
Basic empty weight is the standard empty weight plus optional equipment. Note that basic empty weight includes no usable fuel, but full oil. Licensed empty weight, therefore, includes the standard airplane, optional equipment, full hydraulic fluid, unusable fuel, and undrainable oil.
Is basic weight the same as empty weight?
Basic aircraft empty weight is essentially the same and excludes any baggage, passengers, or usable fuel. Some manufacturers define this empty weight as including optional equipment, i.e. GPS units, cargo baskets, or spotlights.
Why do some aircraft have a zero fuel weight limitation?
A. To ensure c.g. remains in the normal range even if fuel starvation occurs in flight. To ensure all cabin doors will close after aircraft fueling due to fuselage bending stresses that occur during fueling operations. …
What is included in basic empty weight?
Basic Empty Weight – The starting point for weight computations is the basic empty weight, which is the weight of the standard helicopter, optional equipment, unusable fuel, and full operating fluids including full engine oil. It includes the flight crew, usable fuel, drainable oil, if applicable, and payload.
What tasks are completed prior to weighing an aircraft to determine its empty weight?
What tasks are completed prior to weighing an aircraft to determine its empty weight? Remove all items except those on the aircraft equipment list, drain fuel and fill hydraulic reservoir. You just studied 51 terms!
Why is there unusable fuel in an aircraft?
Fuel Tanks Must Be Able to Supply Minimum Fuel Pressure and Flow. For both gravity fed and pump systems, there has to be enough fuel in the tank to supply the required pressure as outlined above. Unusable fuel is partially there to ensure that there is enough pressure for the usable fuel to comply with this regulation.
What is the difference between usable and unusable fuel?
In aviation, usable fuel is the fuel on board an aircraft that can actually be used by its engines. The unusable fuel figure is calculated for an aircraft fuel tank in “the most adverse fuel feed condition occurring under each intended operation and flight maneuver involving that tank”.
What defines unusable fuel?
Look at the Pilot’s Operating Handbook (POH) or installed placards on most airplanes and you’ll find a notation about “unusable fuel.” Unusable fuel is that fuel in the tank(s) that is not considered to be accessible for running the engine(s). That fuel itself is then considered “unusable” for flight.
Why must we have fuel tank expansion space?
The intent of the requirement under JAR 25.969 is to prevent external fuel spillage from the vents as the fuel expands during temperature changes, typically occurring on the ground under high ambient temperature conditions. (2% fuel volume expansion equates to a temperature change of approximately 24 deg.
Does temperature affect fuel weight?
How does temperature affect fuel weight? Temperature has no effect. C) Warm fuel is heavier per gallon.
What percentage of fuel tank is needed for venting?
What is the purpose for jettisoning fuel?
Fuel jettisoning or fuel dumping is an emergency procedure used by crews of to reduce an aircraft’s weight in an emergency when the aircraft needs to land safely. Some military aircraft can carry weapons (for example bombs or rockets) and fuel tanks on external hardpoints.
Do planes dump poop?
It is a mixture of human biowaste and liquid disinfectant that freezes at high altitude. Airlines are not allowed to dump their waste tanks in mid-flight, and pilots have no mechanism by which to do so; however, leaks sometimes do occur.
Why do pilots dump fuel before landing?
Fuel dumping (or a fuel jettison) is a procedure used by aircraft in certain emergency situations before a return to the airport shortly after takeoff, or before landing short of the intended destination (emergency landing) to reduce the aircraft’s weight.
Why do planes dump fuel before landing?
The reason to dump fuel is simple: to drop weight. Any given aircraft has a Maximum Landing Weight (MLW) at which it can land, and in most cases that weight is lower than its Maximum Takeoff Weight (MTOW).
Do pilots smoke in the cockpit?
There is no smoking allowed in any US airliners during normal operations. During single-entity charter operations and some other flights that are specially treated, there are stipulations that allow smoking aboard, to include the flight deck during specific phases of flight.
Can I put jet fuel in my car?
Jet fuel can actually be used in cars, but only in diesel engines. Kerosene jet fuel and diesel are actually similar enough to allow for cross-functionality and would provide a similar performance. Both are derived from crude oil, and both run their respective engines on combustion.
How much is jet fuel per gallon today?
170.8 Cents (US dollars) per Gallon.
Where is the fuel tank on a 747?
The new 747-8, like its predecessor, the 747-400, carries about 3,300 gallons of fuel in the horizontal part of the tail.
How much octane is jet fuel?
Modern aviation unleaded fuels are currently being developed, such as 82UL in the United States. This is an 82 Octane Lean Mixture rating fuel and is approved for use in modern non turbo Avco Lycomings engines amongst others.
Is jet fuel a kerosene?
Jet fuel (Jet A-1 type aviation fuel, also called JP-1A) is used globally in the turbine engines (jet engines, turboprops) in civil aviation. This is a carefully refined, light petroleum. The fuel type is kerosene.
Does jet fuel ignite easily?
At normal temperatures, aviation fuel gives off very little vapour. This means it doesn’t ignite easily and or form dangerous fuel-air mixtures. Once vaporised, however, jet fuel is extremely flammable and burns at a much higher temperature than other fuels.
Is jet fuel more expensive than gasoline?
Considering that large commercial airplanes like the 747 burn roughly 1 gallon of fuel per minute, it’s important for airlines to consider the cost of fuel. The good news is that kerosene is significantly cheaper than gasoline. In some cases, kerosene may cost less than half the price of gasoline.