What factors make Central America important to US foreign policy?
agricultural exports coal mining military bases the Panama Canal.
Which factors are four of the major pollution problems in Latin American urban areas?
The research identified four main factors contributing to the increasing levels of marine debris in the Latin America and the Caribbean (LAC). They include: Population growth, urbanization, and increasing tourism.
What causes pollution in Latin America?
Droughts, climate change, lack of sewage waste treatment, human pollution, oil spills, and the dumping of industrial and heavy metal waste into waters are the leading causes of water pollution in Latin America (Americas Quarterly, 2019).
What causes air pollution in Latin America?
In addition to industrial processes often concentrated in the cities, vehicle emission and stationary-source fuel combustion are the primary sources of air pollution. Although air-quality standards have been established in some Latin American countries, these are frequently exceeded.
Which Latin American country has the most air pollution?
Which two European nations have had the biggest impact on the language and culture of Latin America?
Although most of Latin America was colonized by Spain, the countries of Portugal and France also had major influences on the region. Due to war and disease, native populations were decimated.
What are some environmental issues in Latin America?
Industrial activities, the use of toxic pesticides, dams, and use of the land for agricultural non sustainable use, logging, tourism and other development activities have produced environmental pollution in Indigenous Peoples’ lands, territories and their resources.
Why is Chile so polluted?
It is partly a matter of geography — many cities are in valleys that trap pollution. But it is also the consequence of how many Chileans heat their homes. Wood burning home heat stoves are very common in much of Chile, and these stoves burn dirty and emit harmful pollution.
Why is Lima so polluted?
According to Luis Tagle, executive coordinator of the Clean Air Initiative committee for Lima and Callao, the principal causes of the city’s pollution are poor fuel quality and the vehicle fleet on the road that is more than 20 years old.
What is the biggest problem in Peru?
The principal environmental issues in Peru are water pollution, soil erosion, pollution and deforestation.
How do Peruvians interact with the environment?
Peruvians use the Amazon rain forest for many things such as medicine, food, and logging. The variety of uses for the rain forest takes its tole on the environment. Deforestation causes by the humans is causing parts of the Amazon to turn into a savanna-like ecosystem.
How does Peru help the environment?
The Peruvian government has formally released: 1) the regulation of its groundbreaking national payments for ecosystem services law; 2) a separate regulation of the Sanitation Sector Reform Law that creates a process for water utilities to utilize payments for ecosystem services to secure their water supply through …
How has Peru been affected by mining?
Mining has also been an issue in Peru, having led to widespread water pollution. Thousands of smaller mines–which account for at least half of the gold mining in this region–have also begun to negatively impact the land, polluting waterways and hastening deforestation.
What is Peru’s national animal?
How is Peru affected by climate change?
Due to climate change in recent years, seasonal water variations have diverged from historic patterns in Peru, resulting in more droughts and floods. The changes impact population centers such as Lima, Peru’s capital and home to 10 million people.
What is Peru’s climate?
Peru is located entirely in the tropics but features desert and mountain climates as well as tropical rainforests….Andean highlands.
|Average annual temp.||14.5 °C (58.1 °F)|
|Warmest month||15.3 °C (59.5 °F) (January)|
|Coolest month||13.2 °C (55.8 °F) (July)|
|Annual precipitation||75 mm (3.0 in)|
How does climate change affect Machu Picchu?
Ironically, it may have been climate change that brought about the building of Machu Picchu in the first place. The climate remained dry, but melting glacial ice provided a constant supply of water, resulting in a surplus of crops to feed the population.
How does tourism and weather damage Machu Picchu?
Yearly visits to Machu Picchu, Peru’s top tourist destination, have more than doubled since 1998 to 800,000 people, and conservationists advising UNESCO’s World Heritage Committee warn that landslides, fires and creeping development threaten the site. …
Why is there deforestation in Peru?
In the Peruvian Amazon, the main culprits of deforestation are small-scale agriculture, commercial mining and related road construction; forest degradation is cause primarily by illegal logging. Roughly 1,100 square miles of Peru’s forests are cut down every year—around 80% of them illegally.
How bad is deforestation in Peru?
Peru lost more than 1 million hectares of Amazon forest over a period of 15 years. The main causes of forest loss are deforestation and soil degradation, small and medium scale agriculture, large-scale agriculture, pasture for livestock, gold mining, coca cultivation and road construction, according to a MAAP report.
How much of Peru is covered in forest?
About half of Peru is forested. Of this, more than 80 percent is classified as primary forest. The FAO estimates that the country loses somewhere between 224,000 and 300,000 hectares of forest per year, giving it an annual deforestation rate of 0.35-0.5 percent, a low rate relative to neighboring countries.