What happened at the 1954 Geneva conference?
In July 1954, the Geneva Agreements were signed. As part of the agreement, the French agreed to withdraw their troops from northern Vietnam. Vietnam would be temporarily divided at the 17th parallel, pending elections within two years to choose a president and reunite the country.
Why was North and South Vietnam divided?
Vietnam would be divided by a demilitarised zone (the DMZ), with the French withdrawing their forces from Vietnam north of the zone and the Viet Minh withdrawing their forces from the south. Before long Diem’s authoritarian regime was challenged by local communists, backed by the regime in North Vietnam.
What was an important provision of the Geneva Accords in 1954?
The principal provisions were for a cease-fire line along the 17th parallel (effectively dividing Vietnam in two); 300 days for each side to withdraw its troops to its side of the line; and communist troops and guerrillas to evacuate Laos and Cambodia, where free elections would be held in 1955 and where French troops …
Who was involved in the Geneva conference?
The participants included China, the USSR, the UK, France, the U.S., the Democratic Republic of Vietnam, the Republic of Vietnam(i.e. South Vietnam), the Kingdom of Laos and the Kingdom of Cambodia.
Why did US not sign Geneva Accords?
They were produced during multilateral discussions in Geneva between March and July 1954. 2. The discussions at Geneva were marred by Cold War paranoia and mistrust. Delegates from some nations refused to negotiate directly, while the United States and South Vietnam refused to sign the Accords.
What were the 4 major outcomes of the Geneva Convention?
This convention provided for (1) the immunity from capture and destruction of all establishments for the treatment of wounded and sick soldiers and their personnel, (2) the impartial reception and treatment of all combatants, (3) the protection of civilians providing aid to the wounded, and (4) the recognition of the …
What happens when the Geneva Convention is violated?
The Geneva Convention is a standard by which prisoners and civilians should be treated during a time of war. The document has no provisions for punishment, but violations can bring moral outrage and lead to trade sanctions or other kinds of economic reprisals against the offending government.
How are Geneva Conventions violated?
- willful killing, torture or inhumane treatment, including biological experiments.
- willfully causing great suffering or serious injury to body or health.
- compelling a protected person to serve in the armed forces of a hostile power.
When were the Geneva Conventions violated?
12 August 1949
What is banned by the Geneva Convention?
The Protocol for the Prohibition of the Use in War of Asphyxiating, Poisonous or other Gases, and of Bacteriological Methods of Warfare, usually called the Geneva Protocol, is a treaty prohibiting the use of chemical and biological weapons in international armed conflicts. …
Do the Geneva Conventions apply to terrorists?
The conventions contain one section — Article 3 — that protects all persons regardless of their status, whether spy, mercenary, or terrorist, and regardless of the type of war in which they are fighting.