What is a likely reason that the Zhou leadership created the theory of the mandate of heaven?

What is a likely reason that the Zhou leadership created the theory of the mandate of heaven?

The Zhou created the Mandate of Heaven: the idea that there could be only one legitimate ruler of China at a time, and that this ruler had the blessing of the gods. They used this Mandate to justify their overthrow of the Shang, and their subsequent rule.

Which of these was an important source of revenue for Shang kings?

Where did the Shang kings obtain the slaves that provided them with one of their most important sources of revenue? They were often men and women taken as war captives.

What new military technology did the Chinese develop around 350 BCE?

mace

Which of the following was an advantage to China in using a Logographic writing system?

Which of the following was an advantage to China in using a logographic writing system? Chinese scholars could read older texts because symbols retained the same meaning.

What is the new writing system in China called?

Hanzi

What was the major advantage of the Chinese system of writing?

The Chinese system of writing had one major advantage. People in all parts of China could learn the same system of writing, even if their spoken languages were very different. Thus, the Chinese written language helped unify a large and diverse land, and made control much easier.

What impact did written language have on China?

China’s writing system (referred to as Chinese “characters”) first appears in the Shang dynasty on tortoise shells and cattle bones (called “oracle bones”) used for divination. Written language is a central determinant of the development of civilization; the Chinese writing system was the first developed in East Asia.

How did the Shi Huangdi unify China?

Shi Huangdi spent 20 years conquering the warring states of China. He then unified China by (1) using standardized weights and measures; (2) replacing diverse coins with Qin coins; and (3) having scholars create uniformity in Chinese writing. The most famous Han emperor took China to new heights.

Who burned books in China?

Qin Shi Huang

What two philosophies started in China?

Confucianism, Taoism, and Buddhism were the three main philosophies and religions of ancient China, which have individually and collectively influenced ancient and modern Chinese society.

What was the first empire in China?

Qin Dynasty

What brought an end to the Qin Dynasty?

In 207 BC, Xiang Yu’s army defeated the Army of Qin and Liu Bang swept into the capital which finally ended the Qin Dynasty. It was known as the Chu-Han war, and it lasted for four years, ending with the victory of Liu Bang, who later established the Western Han Dynasty.

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