What is explicit and implicit self?
Researchers are beginning to examine differences between explicit and implicit self-esteem. The explicit form is judged by what we say about ourselves, while implicit self-esteem is measured by automatic responses, such as how we associate words that have favorable or unfavorable connotations with ourselves.
What is an example of implicit self-esteem?
Thus, implicit self-esteem are those areas of self-esteem which are hidden in the subconscious. An example of this type of self-esteem is writing your name with large letters. This has been shown to have a high correlation to positive self-esteem and is also a subconscious response to that.
What are implicit self theories?
the proposal that people hold a self-belief that psychological attributes (e.g., personality, emotion, intelligence) are either fixed, essential qualities that are impossible to control (entity theory) or are more malleable, controllable, and able to be developed gradually (incremental theory).
What is implicit self-esteem and does it vary across cultures?
Implicit self-esteem (ISE), which is often defined as automatic self-evaluations, fuses research on unconscious processes with that on self-esteem. As ISE is viewed as immune to explicit control, it affords the testing of theoretical questions such as whether cultures vary in self-enhancement motivations.
What is self-schema in psychology?
The self-schema refers to a long lasting and stable set of memories that summarize a person’s beliefs, experiences and generalizations about the self, in specific behavioral domains.
Is self schema is another term for self?
The term schema refers to the cognitive structures we have to describe various categories of knowledge about the world, and like many other things, we also hold schemas about ourselves. In psychology, these are known as self-schemas.
What’s the difference between self-concept and self schema?
The working self-concept includes only a subset of the individual’s self-knowledge—namely, those elements of self-knowledge that are activated at the moment. Self-schemas are highly accessible (i.e., easy to activate in memory), so they are likely to be activated across situations.
Is self concept a schema?
Self-schemas are considered the cognitive residual of a person in interaction with the social environment (Cantor & Kihlstrom, 1987; Markus, 1977). Categorizations and evaluations of one’s physical and behavioral characteristics made both by the self and others are the means by which schemas are established.
What is self image definition?
Self-image is the personal view, or mental picture, that we have of ourselves. Self-image is an “internal dictionary” that describes the characteristics of the self, including such things as intelligent, beautiful, ugly, talented, selfish, and kind.
How are self monitoring and self handicapping related?
Self-monitoring is the tendency to monitor one’s behavior to fit the current situation. Self-handicapping is the tendency to engage in self-defeating behavior in order to have an excuse ready in case of poor performance or failure.
What is an example of self-handicapping?
Self-handicapping behavior allows individuals to externalize failures but internalize success, accepting credit for achievements but allowing excuses for failings. An example of self-handicapping is the student who spends the night before an important exam partying rather than studying.
What might an ingratiating person do?
Ingratiating is a psychological technique in which an individual attempts to influence another person by becoming more likeable to their target. This term was coined by social psychologist Edward E. Complimentary Other-Enhancement: the act of using compliments or flattery to improve the esteem of another individual.
What are the self-presentation strategies?
One taxonomy of self-presentation strategies includes ingratiation, intimidation, self-promotion, exemplification, and supplication (Jones and Pittman 1982). Self-presentation is an important part of social life and is largely a prosocial way that individuals negotiate social interactions.
How do you ingratiate yourself?
When you ingratiate yourself, you are putting yourself in someone’s good graces to gain their approval or favor. English words related to “ingratiate” include “gratis” and “gratuity.” Both of these reflect something done or given as a favor through the good graces of the giver.
How do you use ingratiate in a sentence?
Ingratiate Sentence Examples The girl had spared no effort to ingratiate herself, not only with the empress, but with the grand-duke and the Russian people. Maybe Señor Medena was trying to ingratiate himself with Alex.
What does the word ingratiating mean in English?
1 : intended or adopted in order to gain favor : flattering. 2 : capable of winning favor : pleasing an ingratiating smile. Other Words from ingratiating Synonyms & Antonyms More Example Sentences Learn More about ingratiating.
What is the opposite of ingratiate?
ingratiate. Antonyms: discommend, alienate, estrange. Synonyms: recommend, insinuate.
What is the synonym of ingratiating?
(or grovelling), kowtowing, obsequious, servile, sycophantic.
What is the meaning of sycophantic?
(of a person or of behavior) praising people in authority in a way that is not sincere, usually in order to get some advantage from them: There was sycophantic laughter from the audience at every one of his terrible jokes. SMART Vocabulary: related words and phrases. Praising insincerely or too eagerly.