What is Festinger theory?
Festinger’s theory proposes that inconsistency among beliefs or behaviours causes an uncomfortable psychological tension (i.e., cognitive dissonance), leading people to change one of the inconsistent elements to reduce the dissonance or to add consonant elements to restore consonance.
What is Leon Festinger’s cognitive dissonance theory?
Festinger’s (1957) cognitive dissonance theory suggests that we have an inner drive to hold all our attitudes and behavior in harmony and avoid disharmony (or dissonance). When there is an inconsistency between attitudes or behaviors (dissonance), something must change to eliminate the dissonance.
What theory did Leon Festinger introduce?
Leon Festinger (8 May 1919 – 11 February 1989) was an American social psychologist, perhaps best known for cognitive dissonance and social comparison theory….
|Known for||Cognitive dissonance Effort justification Social comparison theory|
What were the results of the Leon Festinger and J Merrill Carlsmith cognitive dissonance study?
Festinger and Carlsmith Carlsmith (1959) conducted an experiment entitled “Cognitive Consequences of Forced Compliance”. The results showed a significant difference between the groups in how they much they reported to enjoy the experiment. Another large difference was observed between the $1 and $20 groups.
What are examples of cognitive dissonance?
Here’s a look at some common examples of cognitive dissonance and how you might come to terms with them.
- Picking up after your dog. Let’s say you have a dog that you take for daily walks around your neighborhood.
- Getting enough exercise.
- Moving for love.
- Being productive at work.
- Eating meat.
How do you explain cognitive dissonance?
The term cognitive dissonance is used to describe the mental discomfort that results from holding two conflicting beliefs, values, or attitudes. People tend to seek consistency in their attitudes and perceptions, so this conflict causes feelings of unease or discomfort.
Is cognitive dissonance ever good for an organization for an individual?
“Dissonance makes people feel uncomfortable and is bothersome under any circumstance, but it is most painful to people when an important element of their self-concept is threatened” (Tavris & Aronson, 2016). Therefore, cognitive dissonance is not good or bad for and organization nor individuals.