What is Higgins self-discrepancy theory?
In this theory, Higgins posits that individuals possess different types of self-guides, or standards, against which they compare their current self. These comparisons yield information that individuals are either near their self-guides or are distant from them.
What happens when there is a discrepancy between our actual and ought selves?
Depression is associated with conflict between a person’s perceived actual self, and some standard, goal or aspiration. An actual/ought discrepancy triggers agitated depression (characterized by feelings of guilt, apprehension, anxiety or fear).
What is actual self ideal self and ought self?
The actual self refers to a set of traits individuals actually believe they possess, while the ideal self is shaped by hopes, wishes, and aspirations. Both the ideal and the ought self represent desired end states and are therefore connected to an individual’s self-esteem.
What is the ought self?
The ought self, first described in Higgins’s (1987) self-discrepancy theory, is a personal standard or self-guide that refers to whom one believes they should or must be.
What is positive self in psychology?
A positive self-image is having a good view of yourself; for example: Seeing yourself as an attractive and desirable person. Having an image of yourself as a smart and intelligent person. Seeing a happy, healthy person when you look in the mirror.
What do you say to someone with low self esteem?
Let’s get started with things not to say.
- You’re pretty. You’re beautiful.
- Don’t be stupid, yes you are. Again, this doesn’t work.
- Say something you don’t like about yourself.
- Love yourself.
- It’s ok not to like yourself.
- Find one tiny thing you like about yourself.
- It’s really just up to you what to tell yourself.
How do you make someone feel confident?
5 Ways You Can Help Build a Friend’s Confidence
- Give a Compliment. Complimenting somebody is such a simple thing, yet people are strangely afraid of it.
- Take the Time to Listen. Everybody is struggling with something.
- Support their Leadership.
- Encourage Friends to do Great Things.
- Accept Them For Who They Are.