What is inequality theory?
Inequality—the state of not being equal, especially in status, rights, and opportunities1—is a concept very much at the heart of social justice theories. However, it is prone to confusion in public debate as it tends to mean different things to different people. Some distinctions are common though.
What is meant by social theory?
Social theory refers to ideas, arguments, hypotheses, thought-experiments and explanatory speculations about how and why human societies—or elements or structures of such societies—come to be formed, change, and develop over time or disappear.
What is social relation theory?
A theory of mass communication that suggests that informal social relationships, particularly with significant others, have an important effect on an individual’s response to the mass media. From: social relationships theory in The Oxford Dictionary of Sports Science & Medicine »
How does Marxism explain social inequality?
Marxists theorize that inequality and poverty are functional components of the capitalist mode of production: capitalism necessarily produces inegalitarian social structures. Inequality is transferred from one generation to another through the environment of services and opportunities which surrounds each individual.
What is Marxist theory of development?
Marxian Concept of Economic Development: In Marxian theory, production means the generation of value. Thus economic development is the process of more value generating, labour generates value. But high level of production is possible through more and more capital accumulation and technological improvement.
What is the Labour theory of value Marx?
The labor theory of value (LTV) is a theory of value that argues that the economic value of a good or service is determined by the total amount of “socially necessary labor” required to produce it. However, Marx did not refer to his own theory of value as a “labour theory of value”.
What is Marx’s theory of surplus value?
Surplus value, Marxian economic concept that professed to explain the instability of the capitalist system. The capitalist pays his workers less than the value their labour has added to the goods, usually only enough to maintain the worker at a subsistence level.
Is the labor theory of value true?
As all educated people know — the labour theory of value is false. Indeed, a hallmark of a university education, whether in economics or not, is a belief in the certainty of this proposition. However, the predominant attitude among economists today is value nihilism.
Why was Marx against capitalism?
Marx condemned capitalism as a system that alienates the masses. His reasoning was as follows: although workers produce things for the market, market forces, not workers, control things. People are required to work for capitalists who have full control over the means of production and maintain power in the workplace.
What is Marxist economic theory?
Marxian economics is a rejection of the classical view of economics developed by economists such as Adam Smith. Smith and his peers believed that the free market, an economic system powered by supply and demand with little or no government control, and an onus on maximizing profit, automatically benefits society.