What is meant by social distance?

What is meant by social distance?

the extent to which individuals or groups are removed from or excluded from participating in one another’s lives. a safe or appropriate distance or amount of space between two people or between people in a group: Security concerns demand that officers maintain a social distance from inmates.

What does social distance scale measure?

Bogardus social distance scale is defined as a scale that measures varying degrees of closeness in people towards other members of diverse social, ethnic or racial groups. It measures the degrees of warmth, hostility, indifference or intimacy between these groups.

What is social distance in sociology?

Social distance refers to the extent to which people experience a sense of familiarity (nearness and intimacy) or unfamiliarity (farness and difference) between themselves and people belonging to different social, ethnic, occupational, and religious groups from their own.

What was the Bogardus Social Distance Scale used for?

Bogardus created the Bogardus social distance scale to measure people’s willingness to participate in a varying level of closeness with other social, racial, and ethnic groups. It is a psychological testing scale used for social research.

How many groups are classified by Bogardus?

two groups

When was the Bogardus scale first used?


Who started the social distance?

Max C. Starkloff

What is the meaning of scale?

Definition of scale (Entry 5 of 7) 1 : a graduated series of musical tones ascending or descending in order of pitch according to a specified scheme of their intervals. 2 : something graduated especially when used as a measure or rule: such as.

Who gave the concept of social distance?

Emory Bogardus

What are the four categories of social distance?

Sociocultural and Individual Differences The size of this area varies with situations and contexts. Hall (1969) delineated four zones of interpersonal distance that characterize Western culture: intimate (up to 18 inches), personal (18–48 inches), social (48 inches to 12 feet), and public (greater than 12 feet).

Which distance is considered public?

Ten feet

What is social distance in communication?

Social distance refers to the level of acceptance people have of others outside of their own social group or class. Social distance is a measure of perceived difference (or distance) among groups. It can be small, for example, when people are accepting of others, or large, when people reject other groups.

What is normal conversation distance?

Approximately 1-1/2 feet to 3 feet for good friends and family members. Approximately 3 feet to 10 feet for casual acquaintances and coworkers. More than 4 feet for strangers. More than 12 feet for speaking to a large group.

How much physical distance do I need in social interactions?

Personal Zone : 1.5-4 feet (0.5m – 1.5m) In the personal zone, the conversation gets more direct, and this is a good distance for two people who are talking in earnest about something.

What is considered personal space?

Personal space is the region surrounding a person which they regard as psychologically theirs. Most people value their personal space and feel discomfort, anger, or anxiety when their personal space is encroached. Entering somebody’s personal space is normally an indication of familiarity and sometimes intimacy.

What interpersonal distance is considered a social zone?

four to twelve feet

Who categorized four zones in social interaction?

Edward Hall

How does culture impact personal space?

In non-contact cultures, people stand farther apart and touch less. Now, a new study offers even more insight into what people from different countries expect from each other. They found that people in Argentina and other South American countries do, in general, require less personal space than people from Asia.

What is the average distance of personal space?

Personal distance begins about an arm’s length away; starting around 18 inches (46 cm) from the person and ending about 4 feet (122 cm) away. This space is used in conversations with friends, to chat with associates, and in group discussions.

Which cultures touch the most?

So, what cultures tend have more physical contact? Very similar to personal space, the Middle East, Latin America and southern Europe prefer a lot more physical contact during normal conversations.

Which countries rank the highest in need for personal space?

After Romania, the study found participants from Hungary and Saudi Arabia – who recorded distances of 131cm and 127cm respectively – valued personal space the most.

Which prefers more personal space?

The scientists found that residents of Argentina, Peru and Bulgaria stand the closest to strangers, while those from Romania, Hungary and Saudi Arabia want the most space. Americans were somewhere in the middle. This graph shows the personal distances of people from various countries in the study.

Is personal space an American thing?

Americans, Hall found, reserve the space up to 18 inches away from ourselves for intimate contact; the space from 18 inches to 4 feet away is our “personal distance,” appropriate for good friends or family members; and we relegate our acquaintances to an area 4 to 10 feet from us (our “social distance”).

How do Mexicans feel about personal space?

Personal Space: Mexicans typically stand quite close to each other while talking. Maintaining too great a distance from another person can be seen as unfriendly or standoffish. Eye Contact: Direct eye contact is expected and appreciated. Sometimes Mexicans may hold your gaze for a prolonged period.

Do Hispanics avoid eye contact?

Out of respect, Mexican Americans frequently avoid direct eye contact with authority figures such as health care providers, particularly if they may perceive the provider to differ in class from themselves. Mexican Americans are usually very warm and expressive with family and close friends, and embracing is common.

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