What is the arcade in ottonian architecture quizlet?
Terms in this set (8) What is the arcade in Ottonian architecture? A series of arches supported by columns.
What is an example of Ottonian architecture?
One of the finest surviving examples of Ottonian architecture is St. Cyriakus Church (960-965) in Gernrode, Germany. The central body of the church has a nave with two aisles flanked by two towers, characteristic of Carolingian architecture .
Is ottonian architecture clerestory?
Clerestory, gallery and arcade are the examples of Ottonian architecture. Ottonian Architecture is a structural style which advanced during the rule of Emperor Otto the Great. Clerestory, gallery and arcade are the examples of Ottonian architecture.
What is a traditional type of Scandinavian architecture?
Timber architecture. Which of the following is a traditional type of Scandinavian architecture? Horizontal log construction.
Do any Viking longhouses still exist?
The Lofotr Viking Museum in Norway features the largest Viking building ever found in Scandinavia. The 272-foot-long house was the seat of one of the chieftains, and it is the only such building found as of now.
What made Viking ships and Scandinavian architecture unique?
What made Viking ships and Scandinavian architecture unique? A clear glass window that is located near the roof of the church in Ottonian architecture.
What made Viking ships unique?
The addition of oars and sails gave Viking boats an advantage over all other watercraft of their day in speed, shallow draft, weight, capacity, maneuverability, and seaworthiness. Viking boats were designed to be dragged across long portages as well as to withstand fierce ocean storms.
Did Vikings have tattoos?
It is widely considered fact that the Vikings and Northmen in general, were heavily tattooed. However, historically, there is only one piece of evidence that mentions them actually being covered in ink.
How big was a Viking longhouse?
Size. Typically, Viking longhouses were between 15m and 22m long and 5m wide. However, the largest excavated Viking house, belonging to a chieftain, was in Lofotr, Norway, and had walls 67m long and 10m wide.
Why did Viking houses not have windows?
Viking houses did not have chimneys or windows. Instead, there was a hole in the roof, where the smoke from the fire escaped. The lack of ventilation meant that there was a great deal of smoke in a Viking house. This is comparable to houses with open fireplaces, which are still found today in parts of Africa and India.
How tall was the average Viking?
The average Viking was 8-10 cm (3-4 inches) shorter than we are today. The skeletons that the archaeologists have found, reveals, that a man was around 172 cm tall (5.6 ft), and a woman had an average height of 158 cm (5,1 ft).
Did the Vikings build castles?
The Vikings and their predecessors built quite a few stone “castles” (hillforts is probably a better word) across Sweden, Norway, the Baltic states, Finland and Russia. In Denmark though, almost no such structures have been found.
Did Vikings build forts?
Q: Did the they invent the ring-shaped fortress? A: No, they probably learned it from their own invasions in England. The people there built a network of fortifications about 100 years before our structures as a defense against the Vikings.
How did they build castles in 1066?
The simple Motte and Bailey was brought to England by the Normans in 1066, and the design consisted of a defensive mound with buildings on the flat-top. The Motte and Bailey was quick to construct, but was generally made of wood. This made it extremely vulnerable to fire-flinging attacks – and quite temporary, too.
What is a Viking longhouse?
Vikings lived in a long, narrow building called a longhouse. Most had timber frames, with walls of wattle and daub and thatched roofs. Two rows of high posts supported the roof and ran down the entire length of the building, which could be up to 250 feet long. The floor of the Viking longhouse was pounded earth.
Did Vikings only eat meat and fish?
The Vikings ate a fairly healthy diet that consisted of meat, fish and vegetables. However, the harsh Scandinavian weather made it difficult for Vikings to raise animals and grow crop in the winter months, limiting their winter meals to predominantly pickled meat and vegetables.
What was inside a longhouse?
A traditional longhouse was built by using a rectangular frame of saplings, each 2 to 3 inches (5 to 7.5 cm) in diameter. The larger end of each sapling was placed in a posthole in the ground, and a domed roof was created by tying together the sapling tops. The structure was then covered with bark panels or shingles.
Did longhouses have windows?
On either side of the central corridor (between the roof support columns and the walls), raised wooden benches topped with wooden planks ran the length of the longhouse. They provided a surface for sitting, eating, working, and sleeping. Typically, no windows were used in the house.
How many rooms are in a longhouse?
How many families can live in a longhouse?
How many beds are in a longhouse?
A primary use of the longhouse was to serve as a place of residence. Several families, numbering about six to eight members each, likely resided in the same home. Prior to 1300, longhouses housed about 20 to 30 people. Later, they housed as many as 100 people, as their size doubled.
How does a longhouse look like?
Longhouses were symmetrical about a centerline along their length. Inside, the right and left sides were identical. The ends were usually rounded and were used as storage areas, shared by the families living in the longhouse. Some longhouses had flat ends.
How many families can live in a wigwam?
Higher platforms were built to store possessions. While the wigwam was usually a home for just one family, the longhouse was home to many families. All families in the longhouse were related to one another and belonged to the same clan.
What does a longhouse symbolize?
The long house is symbolic of the traditional territories held by the Haudenosaunee. Within a long house families all live together in harmony. With the nations united they are all one family living territorially in one long house. The circle is a widely used symbol in many cultures and nations.
Where are longhouses located?
Tribes or ethnic groups in northeast North America, south and east of Lake Ontario and Lake Erie, which had traditions of building longhouses include the Five Nations of the Iroquois Confederacy (Haudenosaunee): Seneca, Cayuga, Onondaga, Oneida and Mohawk.
What does Haudenosaunee mean?
Haudenosaunee (hoe-dee-no-SHOW-nee) means “people who build a. house.” The name refers to a CONFEDERATION or ALLIANCE among six Native American nations who are more commonly known as the Iroquois Confederacy.
How long does it take to build a longhouse?
one to two years
What did the Iroquois build around their longhouses to protect them?
Many longhouses had a huge pole fence built around them for additional protection. Stairs were built on the inside of the fence, so that archers could easily climb up and defend against attack. The poles ended in long sharp points to discourage anyone from climbing over.
What do the Iroquois call themselves today?
It’s an English corruption of a French corruption of an Algonquian word meaning “real snakes.” This may have been an insulting nickname (the Algonquian and Iroquois Indians were traditional enemies,) or it could have just come from a placename which meant “Snake River.” The Iroquois tribes originally called their …
Why are iroquoian houses located on higher grounds and close to water bodies?
However despite the extreme conditions, their longhouses took care of most of the temperature conditions. Also, by living close to the Great Lakes, it gave them connection to plenty of water, and generally moist weather. The land they lived was desired by many other tribes.