What is the difference between Plato and Descartes?
The main difference is that Plato uses his senses together with a priori reasoning to judge the world. Descartes states that senses are misleading and knowledge can only appear by reasoning. According to Plato we see shadows instead of real objects. According to Descartes we possess object through reason.
What did Descartes share in common with Aristotle?
Both Aristotle and Descartes are similar in that they both are in agreement that animals possess locomotive and sensational capabilities, but cannot express thought like us (Descartes) or even have thoughts like ours (Aristotle).
Why was Plato a rationalist?
Plato is a rationalist because he thinks that we have innate knowledge of the Forms [mathematical objects and concepts (triangles, equality, largeness), moral concepts (goodness, beauty, virtue, piety), and possibly color – he doesn’t ever explicitly state that there are Forms of colors]; Descartes thinks that the idea …
How does empiricism relate to psychology?
Empiricism (founded by John Locke) states that the only source of knowledge comes through our senses – e.g. sight, hearing etc. The idea that knowledge should be gained through experience, i.e. empirically, turned into a method of inquiry that used careful observation and experiments to gather facts and evidence.
What was it in other philosophies that the empiricists opposed most?
Empiricists oppose intuition, rationality, authority or other concepts. They particularly reject rationalism, arguing that thought is not enough and empirical evidence is necessary to prove truth.
What is the philosophical definition of knowledge?
Knowledge is a familiarity, awareness, or understanding of someone or something, such as facts (descriptive knowledge), skills (procedural knowledge), or objects (acquaintance knowledge). The philosophical study of knowledge is called epistemology.