What is the different states of matter?
The three states of matter are the three distinct physical forms that matter can take in most environments: solid, liquid, and gas. In extreme environments, other states may be present, such as plasma, Bose-Einstein condensates, and neutron stars.
What are the 4 states of matter and their properties?
There are four natural states of matter: Solids, liquids, gases and plasma. The fifth state is the man-made Bose-Einstein condensates. In a solid, particles are packed tightly together so they don’t move much.
How do you find the kinetic energy of an ideal gas?
Each molecule has this average kinetic energy:
- To figure the total kinetic energy, you multiply the average kinetic energy by the number of molecules you have, which is nNA, where n is the number of moles:
- NAk equals R, the universal gas constant, so this equation becomes the following:
What happens when two gas molecules collide?
Gas particles are constantly colliding with each other and the walls of their container. These collisions are elastic; that is, there is no net loss of energy from the collisions. Gas particles are small and the total volume occupied by gas molecules is negligible relative to the total volume of their container.
What is it called when gas particles hit the wall?
The kinetic molecular theory can be used to explain each of the experimentally determined gas laws. The Link Between P and n. The pressure of a gas results from collisions between the gas particles and the walls of the container. Each time a gas particle hits the wall, it exerts a force on the wall.
What happens when ideal gas particles collide?
The particles of an ideal gas exert no attractive forces on each other or on their surroundings. The collisions exhibited by gas particles are completely elastic; when two molecules collide, total kinetic energy is conserved.
Do gas particles have attractive forces?
Gas – In a gas, particles are in continual straight-line motion. The kinetic energy of the molecule is greater than the attractive force between them, thus they are much farther apart and move freely of each other. In most cases, there are essentially no attractive forces between particles.