What is the excerpt from Article 15 of the Indian Constitution?
Constitution of India. Prohibition of discrimination on grounds of religion, race, caste, sex or place of birth. (1) The State shall not discriminate against any citizen on grounds only of religion, race, caste, sex, place of birth or any of them.
What did Article 15 says?
Article 15 states that the state shall not discriminate against any citizen on grounds only of race, religion, caste, sex, and place of birth.
What is the punishment for violating article 15?
Eg- Under the SC and ST (Prevention of Atrocities) Act, 1989, a person who discriminates against any member of the SC or ST can be punished with imprisonment and fine as well. The offences are non cognisable and thus the perpetrator does not have a right to secure bail and is made discretionary upon the judiciary.
What Article 15 prohibits is discrimination on ground of place of birth not residence?
Article 15 falls under Part III of the Constitution, which deals with the fundamental rights of the citizens of India. The first clause of Article 15 directs the State not to discriminate against a citizen on grounds only of religion, race, caste, sex or place of birth or any of them.
What is the Article 17?
Article 17: Abolition of Untouchability. “Untouchability” is abolished and its practice in any form is forbidden. The enforcement of any disability arising out of Untouchability” shall be an offence punishable in accordance with law.
What does Article 18 say?
Everyone has the right to freedom of thought, conscience and religion; this right includes freedom to change his religion or belief, and freedom, either alone or in community with others and in public or private, to manifest his religion or belief in teaching, practice, worship and observance.
Why is Article 18 so important?
Article 18 protects theistic, non-theistic and atheistic believers as well as those who do not profess any religion or belief. Less well known is the role that religious organisations played in launching and sustaining the human rights movement.
What does Article 14 18 say about equality?
The State shall not discriminate against any citizen on grounds only of religion, race, caste, sex, place of birth or any of them. There shall be equality of opportunity for all citizens in matters relating to employment or appointment to any office under the State.
What is the meaning of Article 14?
EQUALITY RIGHTS (ARTICLES 14 – 18) 1.1 Article 14 of the Constitution of India reads as under: “The State shall not deny to any person equality before the law or the equal protection of the laws within the territory of India.”
What is Article 17 in right to equality?
ARTICLE 17 OF THE INDIAN CONSTITUTION: Untouchability is abolished and its practice in any form is forbidden. The enforcement of any disability arising out of Untouchability shall be an offence punishable in accordance with law.
Is the principle of equality in Article 14 absolute?
The Constitution of India guarantees the Right to Equality through Article 14 to 18 of the Indian Constitution. The Equality of Opportunity, Non-discrimination, and Abolition of Titles in general lives amongst the Citizens of India are absolute and constitutionally qualified in it.
Does Article 14 apply to foreigners?
Article 14 guarantees equality to all persons, including citizens, corporations, and foreigners. Article 14 permits classification, so long as it is ‘reasonable’, but forbids class legislation.