What is the federal order requiring states to provide a service?
mandate – a requirement set by the national government to force states to perform a particular action.
What are the three things the Constitution obliges the national government to do for the states and how are these obligations met?
the constitution obliges the national government to do three things for the states. the three obligations are outlined in article IV, section 3 & 4. republican form of government, protection, territorial integrity.
What does the Constitution require the national government to do for the states?
The United States shall guarantee to every state in this union a republican form of government, and shall protect each of them against invasion; and on application of the legislature, or of the executive (when the legislature cannot be convened) against domestic violence.
What might keep a state from accepting a categorical grant in aid quizlet?
Categorical grants are the main source of federal aid used for one specific purpose with strings attached. States prefer block grants because there are less strings attached and the money can be used for a broader purpose.
Why might keep a state from accepting a categorical grant in aid?
Infer What might keep a State from accepting a categorical grant-in-aid? There are two main reasons I can think of: A fear of excessive federal intervention through the strings attached to those grants. Those strings could imply the State giving up control of certain agencies.
Which of the following is an example of a categorical grant quizlet?
Which of the following is an example of a categorical grant? Funds provided by Congress to the states to enhance science instruction in a low-income area.
What is an example of grant in aid?
Grants-in-aid may be used for a variety of purposes. For example, the federal government may decide it wants to encourage state and local governments to become more engaged in a specific policy area such as affordable housing or education for the disadvantaged.
Who qualifies for grant in aid?
Grants In Aid. Applicants must meet the following requirements: The applicant must be in receipt of a grant for Older Persons. Disability grant or a War Veteran’s grant, and require full- time attendance by another person.
What is Grant in Aid salary?
Grants-in-aid are payments in the nature of assistance, donations or contributions made by one government to another government, body, institution or individual.
Which Commission has introduced grant in aid?
The Kothari Commission
What is the difference between Grant and Grant in Aid?
The grants are mainly given for non-profit entities such as educational, cultural and health purposes. Most of the grants are given for particular projects. But in the case of Aid, there is no need of such projects. Aid is given after taking into consideration the urgency of the matter concerned.
What are the 3 main types of grants-in-aid?
The three general types of federal grants to state and local governments are categorical grants, block grants, and general revenue sharing (see Table 1). Categorical grants can be used only for a specifically aided program and usually are limited to narrowly defined activities.
What is the difference between a formula project and block grants?
Block grants provide funding for eligible activities identified in authorizing legislation. Project grants are similar to categorical grants and fund specific projects and services. Formula grants are allocated based on a decision rule, such as x dollars per public school pupil.
Which is better categorical or block grants?
Block grants and categorical grants are funding given to state and local governments by the federal government. The key difference is that block grants can be used for any purpose decided upon by the state or city whereas categorical grants must be used for a specific, designated purpose.
Which type of grants do states prefer?
Block grants are given to states or communities and they decide how to spend the money. States prefer block grants because there are less strings attached and the money can be used for a broader purpose.
What kind of federal grants give states the most flexibility in spending money?
These grants also often require some commitment of matching funds. Medicaid and the food stamp program are examples of categorical grants. Block grants come with less stringent federal administrative conditions and provide recipients more flexibility over how to spend grant funds.
Why does the US Congress prefer categorical grants to the other types of grants?
Congress prefers Categorical Grants because expenditures can be targeted according to congressional priorities. In the Constitution (Article 1, Section 8), Congress is given the power to regulate foreign/interstate commerce. Both federal and state governments have the power to impose these.
How do categorical grants affect relationship between state and federal government?
Categorical grants are federal grants given to state and local governments to encourage their cooperation in implementing specific purposes and programs. These grants give less flexibility to state governments than block grants.
What is the most common type of categorical grant?
How do categorical grants affect policy making?
Categorical grants are given to states to be used for a specific purpose defined by federal law, such as building a college dormitory. This affects policy-making within states because it restricts the states’ ability to make new policy. Welfare money, for example, is given to states in a block grant.
How do mandates affect policy making?
Federal mandates are demands on states to carry out certain policies as a condition of receiving grant money. How does the national government use grants and mandates to influence state policies? Federal mandates are demands on states to carry out certain policies as a condition to receiving grant money.
How have block grants and categorical grants contributed to the federal government playing a larger policy role for the national government?
Categorical grants have been used to increase the power of the federal government relative to the states. Block grants have been used to increase the power of the state government relative to the federal government.
Why are grants in aid controversial?
Answer and Explanation: Federal grant-in-aid programs are criticized because they make the separation of power between the federal and state/local government unclear. It is easiest to see how this happens with an example of a grant-in-aid program.