# What is the highest part of the wave?

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## What is the most dangerous type of breaking wave?

Fast Facts about Waves Unless you are a very experienced swimmer or surfer, don’t go in once waves are higher than 1.5 – 2 m. If it’s bigger than you, it’s time to go to the pool! are the most dangerous type of breaking wave as they can easily slam you into the bottom with a lot of force.

## What causes a wave to slow as it approaches a beach?

This L/2 depth is considered wave base. Waves at the Shoreline: As a wave approaches the shore it slows down from drag on the bottom when water depth is less than half the wavelength (L/2). The waves get closer together and taller. Therefore sand and gravel dominates the beach, foreshore, near shore.

## How deep do ocean waves go?

Waves in the oceans can travel thousands of miles before reaching land. Wind waves on Earth range in size from small ripples, to waves over 100 ft (30 m) high, being limited by wind speed, duration, fetch, and water depth.

## What happens when a deep-water wave strikes the bottom of the ocean?

4.18 A). When deep-water waves move into shallow water, they change into breaking waves. When the energy of the waves touches the ocean floor, the water particles drag along the bottom and flatten their orbit (Fig. When this happens, the front surface of the wave gradually becomes steeper than the back surface.

## At what water depth will a wave encounter the bottom?

1 As waves approach shore they “touch bottom” when the depth equals half of the wavelength, and the wave begins to slow down.

## Why do waves increase as they approach the shore?

Because deep-water waves do not interact with the ocean bottom as they travel, their speed is independent of the water depth. But as waves enter shallow water, interaction with the bottom alters the waves. Wave speed decreases, wavelength shortens and wave height increases.

## What does wave motion look like when transverse and longitudinal waves are combined?

Water waves are an example of waves that involve a combination of both longitudinal and transverse motions. As a wave travels through the waver, the particles travel in clockwise circles. The radius of the circles decreases as the depth into the water increases.

## What happens to waves in the surf zone?

As ocean surface waves come closer to shore they break, forming the foamy, bubbly surface called surf. After breaking in the surf zone, the waves (now reduced in height) continue to move in, and they run up onto the sloping front of the beach, forming an uprush of water called swash.

## Why do large waves arrive on the shore less frequently than small waves?

Relatively small waves move at up to about 10 km/h and arrive on a shore about once every 3 seconds. Very large waves move about five times faster (over 50 km/h), but because their wavelengths are so much longer, they arrive less frequently — about once every 14 seconds.

## What are the two broad categories of waves?

Waves come in two kinds, longitudinal and transverse. Transverse waves are like those on water, with the surface going up and down, and longitudinal waves are like of those of sound, consisting of alternating compressions and rarefactions in a medium.

## Why are waves slower in shallow water?

In shallower water near the coast, waves slow down because of the force exerted on them by the seabed. Even if waves are coming in from deep water at an angle to the beach, the move to shallower water means that the waves will slow down and curve around (refract) so they are more parallel as the surf hits the beach.

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