What is the hopelessness theory?
At its core, the hopelessness theory is a diathesis-stress model of depression. That is, negative life events function as “occasion setters” for individuals to become depressed if they possess negative inferential styles.
What is despair in psychology?
Using current approaches of cognitive emotional psychology, despair is defined as an oscillating, affective-cognitive process: the oscillation of doubt is reflected in the alternation of various single affects such as hope, fear, anxiety, anger, shame, guilt, and sadness and then moves towards the negative pole of …
What causes helplessness?
Share on Pinterest A person who experiences stressful or traumatic situations may develop learned helplessness. According to the American Psychological Association, learned helplessness occurs when someone repeatedly faces uncontrollable, stressful situations, then does not exercise control when it becomes available.
What does it mean when someone is hopeless?
If you feel hopeless, you feel very unhappy because there seems to be no possibility of a better situation or success. She had a feeling of hopelessness about the future. 2. adjective. Someone or something that is hopeless is certain to fail or be unsuccessful.
Who is hopeless romantic?
“A hopeless romantic is someone who loves the idea of being in love and tends to think of love as having fairy-tale qualities. They might strongly believe in the idea of love at first sight, and that there is one perfect partner out there for them who will appear one day and sweep them off of their feet,” says Dr.
What is the opposite of hopelessness?
Antonyms: anticipation, assurance, cheer, confidence, courage, elation, encouragement, expectancy, expectation, hope, hopefulness, trust. Synonyms: despair, desperation, despondency, discouragement.
What is downhearted?
Are you feeling sad and discouraged? Then you’re downhearted. You can also use words like crestfallen, dejected, or blue to describe this sad emotion. The adjective downhearted includes the word ending -hearted, meaning “at heart,” or “in one’s deepest feelings.”
What is the meaning of enthusiastic?
: feeling or showing strong excitement about something : filled with or marked by enthusiasm. See the full definition for enthusiastic in the English Language Learners Dictionary. enthusiastic. adjective. en·thu·si·as·tic | \ in-ˌthü-zē-ˈa-stik , -ˌthyü- \
What is the meaning of genuinely downcast?
downcast in American English 1. directed downward. 2. very unhappy or discouraged; sad; dejected.
What does anticipating mean?
transitive verb. 1 : to give advance thought, discussion, or treatment to. 2 : to meet (an obligation) before a due date. 3 : to foresee and deal with in advance : forestall.
What is another word for downcast?
Downcast Synonyms – WordHippo Thesaurus….What is another word for downcast?
What does disconsolate mean?
English Language Learners Definition of disconsolate formal : very unhappy or sad. See the full definition for disconsolate in the English Language Learners Dictionary. disconsolate. adjective. dis·con·so·late | \ dis-ˈkän-sə-lət \
What is the opposite of downcast?
Antonyms for downcast glad, upright, decent, gay, above, satisfied, cheerful, elated, heartened, honest, happy.
What is a synonym for despondent?
Some common synonyms of despondent are despairing, desperate, and hopeless.
What is the synonym of summons?
Some common synonyms of summon are call, cite, convene, convoke, and muster. While all these words mean “to demand the presence of,” summon implies the exercise of authority.
Which is a better way to define a word?
Answer. Concrete is the dictionary definition (general/generic) while operational is the definition of the word as it is used in the text or sentence. Operational is the best way to define a word because it is specific to how the word is being used in the sentence/text.
What does it mean when you summon someone?
: to order (someone) to come to a place. : to order (someone) to appear in a court of law. : to ask for (someone or something) to come : to send or call for (someone or something)
What does being summoned mean?
A Summons is an official notice of a lawsuit. It is given to the person being sued. If you sue someone, they need to know about it. This way, they can come to court and fight the lawsuit. When you serve the defendant with a Summons, you officially tell that you are suing them.
What is the purpose of a summons?
Often the purpose of a citation or summons is to require a person to answer charges or a complaint filed against him. It may also be used simply to notify a person that he has an interest in the proceedings at hand, which it would be to his advantage to attend.
What happens after you answer a summons?
WHAT HAPPENS AFTER I FILE MY ANSWER? Your Answer will go into the court’s file. You have to keep one copy and send a copy of it to the attorney on the other side. The Clerk will then give you a date to come back to court or tell you that you will get a date in the mail.
Does an answer to a summons need to be notarized?
1 attorney answer It does not need to be notarized, but a copy must be mailed to every other party, in addition to being filed with the court. Be sure to put your name, address, and phone number on it.
How do I respond to a court summons?
How do I answer the complaint?
- Read the summons and make sure you know the date you must answer by.
- Read the complaint carefully.
- Write your answer.
- Sign and date the answer.
- Make copies for the plaintiff and yourself.
- Mail a copy to the plaintiff.
- File your answer with the court by the date on the summons.