What is the malignant hypertension?

What is the malignant hypertension?

Malignant hypertension is a term that has been used to describe patients with elevated blood pressure (BP) and multiple complications (End organ damage) with a poor prognosis.

Is malignant hypertension a hypertensive emergency?

Malignant hypertension and accelerated hypertension are both hypertensive emergencies (ie, systolic BP [SBP] >180 mm Hg or diastolic BP [DBP] >120 mm Hg, and acute target organ damage ), with similar outcomes and therapies.

What does malignant hypertension cause?

Many body systems are at serious risk from the extreme rise in blood pressure. Organs including the brain, eyes, blood vessels, heart, and kidneys may be damaged. The blood vessels of the kidney are very likely to be damaged by high blood pressure. Kidney failure may develop, which may be permanent.

What is benign and malignant hypertension?

In malignant hypertension, the vascular damage is acute, and renin release is a very important part of the pressure increase. In benign, essential hypertension, vascular damage is chronic, and its most important pressure-raising influence is sodium retention.

What is the treatment for malignant hypertension?

Malignant hypertension is a systemic disease causing severe damage to the brain, heart, kidneys and eyes, even in absence of symptoms. Renin–angiotensin system blockers seem to be the cornerstone of treatment.

What drugs are commonly used to treat malignant hypertension?

The most commonly used intravenous drug is nitroprusside. An alternative for patients with renal insufficiency is intravenous fenoldopam. Labetalol is another common alternative, providing easy transition from intravenous to oral dosing.

Which IV fluid is best for hypertension?

All these data above suggest that for patients with hypertension, normal saline should be used carefully for intravenous infusion in the treatment of other diseases.

What happens when BP is 200?

If your blood pressure is 200/110, it’s too high. If you have blood pressure that high and are experiencing chest pain, a headache, shortness of breath or blood in the urine, take an ambulance to the ER immediately. You are experiencing a hypertensive crisis!

What blood pressure is stroke level?

Blood pressure readings above 180/120 mmHg are considered stroke-level, dangerously high and require immediate medical attention.

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