What is the non conscious encoding of incidental information such as space time and frequency?
AP Psychology Ch. 08 Memory
|automatic processing||refers to our unconscious encoding of incidental information such as space, time, and frequency and of well-learned information|
|effortful processing||encoding that requires attention and conscious effort|
Is the encoding that requires attention and conscious effect?
Effortful Processing: encoding that requires attention and conscious effort.
What is the retention of encoded information over time?
Memory is the set of processes used to encode, store, and retrieve information over different periods of time. Figure 1. Encoding involves the input of information into the memory system. Storage is the retention of the encoded information.
What is the process of retaining information over time?
Matlin has described memory as the “process of retaining information over time.” Others have defined it as the ability to use our past experiences to determine our future path.
What are the steps of memorization?
Stages of memory: The three stages of memory: encoding, storage, and retrieval.
How does chunking work?
Chunking refers to the process of taking individual pieces of information and grouping them into larger units. By grouping each data point into a larger whole, you can improve the amount of information you can remember. For example, a phone number sequence of 4-7-1-1-3-2-4 would be chunked into 471-1324.
What is effective memorization?
The most effective memorization techniques create patterns of activity in our brains that we can later replicate to facilitate remembering. The more meaningful the associations that we create as we practice memorization techniques, and the more associations we establish, the more easily the memory will be retrieved.
What is flashbulb memory example?
Flashbulb memories are often associated with important historical or autobiographical events. An example of a flashbulb memory is the assassination of the US president John F. Kennedy in 1963 and recalling the moment you learned of the death of Princess Diana in 1997. …
What does flashbulb mean?
: an electric bulb that can be used only once to produce a brief and very bright flash for taking photographs.
Why do flashbulb memories seem so vivid?
Despite their memory confidence, when the details of their memories were compared to the initial survey taken within 10 days of 9/11, there were significant inconsistencies. This suggests that one reason why flashbulb memories remain so vivid for people is that they are recalled over time.
Are flashbulb memories more accurate than other memories that may be as old?
Talarico and Rubin’s study (as well as Neisser’s study) suggest that Flashbulb memories are no more accurate than regular memories. Both of these studies are more robust in their methodology and are higher in internal validity.