What is the symptoms of cretinism?
Signs of cretinism or congenital hypothyroidism in a newborn include:
- lack of weight gain.
- stunted growth.
- fatigue, lethargy.
- poor feeding.
- thickened facial features.
- abnormal bone growth.
- mental retardation.
- very little crying.
What causes cretinism?
Cretinism: Congenital hypothyroidism (underactivity of the thyroid gland at birth), which results in growth retardation, developmental delay, and other abnormal features. Cretinism can be due to deficiency of iodine in the mother’s diet during pregnancy.
What is the treatment for cretinism?
The mainstay in the treatment of congenital hypothyroidism is early diagnosis and thyroid hormone replacement. Optimal care may include diagnosis before age 10-13 days and normalization of thyroid hormone blood levels by age 3 weeks. Only levothyroxine is recommended for treatment.
How does hypothyroidism lead to jaundice?
Congenital hypothyroidism: Hypothyroidism causes decreased rate of bilirubin conjugation, slows gut motility and impairs feeding, all contributing to jaundice.
Can we marry a girl with thyroid?
The truth is that thyroid problems are common, easy to diagnose and treat. A person with a thyroid problem can grow, marry, have children and lead a very normal productive, and long life.
What foods are bad for your thyroid?
Which nutrients are harmful?
- Soy foods: tofu, tempeh, edamame, etc.
- Certain vegetables: cabbage, broccoli, kale, cauliflower, spinach, etc.
- Fruits and starchy plants: sweet potatoes, cassava, peaches, strawberries, etc.
- Nuts and seeds: millet, pine nuts, peanuts, etc.
How often should Thyroid be checked during pregnancy?
Thyroid hormone levels need to be checked every 4 weeks in the first half of pregnancy. The levels may be checked less often during the second half of pregnancy as long as the dose does not change. The treatment is safe and vital to both mother and baby.
Do they check your thyroid during pregnancy?
Contact your doctor as soon as you know you’re pregnant. Your doctor will most likely test your thyroid hormone levels every 4 to 6 weeks for the first half of your pregnancy, and at least once after 30 weeks. You may need to adjust your dose a few times.
What happens if I miss my thyroid medication one day during pregnancy?
If you do miss a dose, take the missed dose as soon as you remember, advises the ATA. But if it’s almost time for your next dose, double up the next day because the life of the medication is long in the body, notes the ATA.
How is Graves treated in pregnancy?
Propylthiouracil (PTU) is the preferred treatment for hyperthyroidism in pregnancy, but it does cross the placenta and can induce fetal goiter, with mental and physical retardation. Hence, the lowest possible PTU dose should be used.