What is the use of SLR?

What is the use of SLR?

Usage. SLR is used by bankers and indicates the minimum percentage of deposits that the bank has to maintain in form of gold, cash or other approved securities. Thus, we can say that it is ratio of cash and some other approved liability (deposits). It regulates the credit growth in India.

What SLR means?

Statutory Liquidity Ratio or SLR is a minimum percentage of deposits that a commercial bank has to maintain in the form of liquid cash, gold or other securities. These are not reserved with the Reserve Bank of India (RBI), but with banks themselves. The SLR is fixed by the RBI.

What happens when SLR increases?

If the SLR increases, it restricts the bank’s lending capacity and helps in controlling the inflation by soaking the liquidity from the market. Consequently, banks will have less money available to lend, and they will charge higher interest rates on loans to keep up with their profit margin.

What is the purpose of CRR and SLR?

Difference between CRR & SLR

Statutory Liquidity Ratio (SLR) Cash Reserve Ratio (CRR)
SLR is used to control the bank’s leverage for credit expansion. It ensures the solvency of banks The Central Bank controls the liquidity in the Banking system through CRR

Do we really need CRR and SLR?

Cash Reserve Ratio (CRR) In the case of SLR, banks are asked to have reserves of liquid assets which include both cash and gold. SLR is used to control the bank’s leverage for credit expansion. In CRR, the cash reserve is maintained by the banks with the Reserve Bank of India.

Is RRB maintain CRR and SLR?

Statutory pre-emptions – RRBs need not maintain CRR (Cash Reserve Ratio) & SLR (Statutory liquidity ratio) like any other banks.

What is current SLR rate?


Who maintains CRR?

The Reserve Bank of India takes stock of the CRR in every monetary policy review, which, at present, is conducted every six weeks. CRR is one of the major weapons in the RBI’s arsenal that allows it to maintain a desired level of inflation, control the money supply, and also liquidity in the economy.

Is SLR kept with RBI?

The eligible assets for SLR mainly include cash, gold and approved securities by the RBI. Most banks keep the SLR in the form of approved securities specifically –central government bonds and treasury bills as they give a reasonable return.

Can SLR be maintained in cash?

SLR has to be maintained in the form of gold, cash or approved securities notified by RBI such as central and state government bonds. SLR is held in approved assets and is not available to the bank for making loans or investing in securities markets or other bonds.

What is LAF rate?

A liquidity adjustment facility (LAF) is a monetary policy tool used in India by the Reserve Bank of India or RBI. The RBI introduced the LAF as part of the outcome of the Narasimham Committee on Banking Sector Reforms of 1998. LAF’s can manage inflation in the economy by increasing and reducing the money supply.

Is LAF and repo same?

LAF consists of repo (repurchase agreement) and reverse repo operations. Repo or repurchase option is a collaterised lending i.e. banks borrow money from Reserve bank of India to meet short term needs by selling securities to RBI with an agreement to repurchase the same at predetermined rate and date.

What is difference between LAF and MSF?

Differences between Repo Rate and MSF Repo rate is the rate at which RBI lends money to commercial banks, while MSF is a rate at which RBI lends money to scheduled banks. The repo rate is given to banks that are looking to meet their short-term financial needs. While, the MSF is meant for lending overnight to banks.

Is reverse repo an asset?

Reverse repos are commonly used by businesses like lending institutions or investors to lend short-term capital to other businesses during cash flow issues. In essence, the lender buys a business asset, equipment or even shares in the seller’s company and at a set future time, sells the asset back for a higher price.

Is Repo an asset?

Although an asset is sold outright at the start of a repo, the commitment of the seller to buy back the asset in the future means that the buyer has only temporary use of that asset, while the seller has only temporary use of the cash proceeds of the initial sale. A repo not only mitigates the buyer’s credit risk.

Why do banks use repos?

The repo market allows financial institutions that own lots of securities (e.g. banks, broker-dealers, hedge funds) to borrow cheaply and allows parties with lots of spare cash (e.g. money market mutual funds) to earn a small return on that cash without much risk, because securities, often U.S. Treasury securities.

How does reverse repo work?

In a reverse repo transaction, the opposite occurs: the Desk sells securities to a counterparty subject to an agreement to repurchase the securities at a later date at a higher repurchase price. Reverse repo transactions temporarily reduce the quantity of reserve balances in the banking system.

How does the repo rate affect me?

How Does the Repo Rate Affect Me as a Consumer? A rise or drop in the repo rate can significantly influence inflation and consumer buying power. A decrease in the repo rate means the commercial banks can borrow more money from SARB at a cheaper rate, meaning lending rates for consumers also decrease!

What is reverse repo rate with example?

What is Meant by Reverse Repo Rate

Repo Rate Reverse Repo Rate
It is the rate at which RBI lends money to banks It is the rate at which RBI borrows money from banks
It is higher than the reverse repo rate It is lower than the repo rate
It is used to control inflation and deficiency of funds It is used to manage cash-flow

What is Bank Rate vs repo rate?

Simply put, repo rate is the rate at which the RBI lends to commercial banks by purchasing securities while bank rate is the lending rate at which commercial banks can borrow from the RBI without providing any security.

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